Physics Prospectus

FOUR-YEAR DEGREE PROGRAMME B. Sc. Physics

COURSE STRUCTURE 100 Level–1st Semester                               

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

GST 102

GST 102

Philosophy and Logic

C

2

GST 105

GST 101

Use of English

C

2

FSC 101

FSC 111

Introductory Biology

C

3

FSC 102

FSC112

Introductory Chemistry

C

3

FSC 103

FSC 113

Introductory Computer science

C

3

FSC 104

FSC 114

Introductory Mathematics

C

3

FSC 105

FSC 115

Introductory Physics 1

C

3

 

 

TOTAL Units compulsory courses

 

19

 

 

TOTAL Units of elective courses

 

0

100 Level – 2nd Semester

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

PHS 101

PHS 121

Introductory Physics II

C

3

PHS 102

PHS 122

Introductory Physics III

C

3

PHS 103

PHS 123

Introductory Practical Physics

C

2

MAT 101

MAT 121

Algebra and Coordinate Geometry

C

3

MAT 102

MAT 122

Calculus

C

3

MAT 103

MAT 123

Mechanics

E

3

MAT 104

STA 121

Statistics for Scientists

C

3

GST 103

GST 103

Nigerian People’s History & Culture

C

2

CHM 101

CHM 121

Introductory Chemistry II

E

3

 

 

TOTAL Units of compulsory courses

 

19

 

 

TOTAL Units of elective courses

 

6



200 Level – 1st Semester                            

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

GST 201

GST 201

General African Studies

C

2

FRE 187B

FRE 135

Ancillary French I

C

2

PHS 201

PHS 211

Classical Mechanics I

C

2

PHS 203

PHS 213

Electricity and Magnetism

C

2

PHS 204

PHS 214

Modern Physics 1

C

2

PHS 206

PHS 216

Electronics I

C

2

PHS 220

PHS 218

Experimental Physics IA

C

1

PHS 261

PHS 212

Geophysics I

E

2

MAT 201

MAT 211

Real Analysis I

C

3

MAT 206

MAT 213

Mathematical Methods I

E

3

 

 

TOTAL Units of compulsory courses

 

16

 

 

TOTAL Units of elective courses

 

5

200 Level – 2nd Semester

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

FRE 188B

FRE 146

Ancillary French II

C

2

PHS 202

PHS 222

Thermal physics

C

2

PHS 205

PHS 225

Oscillations and Waves

C

2

PHS 207

PHS 227

Optics

C

2

PHS 209

PHS 229

Theoretical Physics I

C

2

PHS 221

PHS 228

Experimental Physics IB

C

2

PHS 208

PHS 223

Introductory Astrophysics

E

2

PHS 262

PHS 226

Workshop Practice

E

2

PHS 266

PHS 224

Elements of Surveying

E

2

MAT 212

STA 222

Statistical Inference

E

2

MAT 204

MAT 222

Linear Algebra

E

2

MAT 207

MAT 223

Mathematical Methods II

E

3

CSC 207

CSC 227

Intro. To Information Processing

E

3

 

 

TOTAL Units of compulsory courses

 

12

 

 

TOTAL Units of elective courses

 

16

300 Level – 1st Semester                                                               

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

GST 307

GST 307

Entrepreneurship & Corporate Governance

C

2

PHS 301

PHS 311

Classical Mechanics II

C

2

PHS 303

PHS 313

Electrodynamics I

C

2

PHS 306

PHS 316

Electronics II

C

2

PHS 307

PHS 317

Mathematical Physics I

C

2

PHS 310

PHS 310

Special Relativity

C

2

PHS 321

PHS 318

Experimental Physics IIA

C

1

PHS 309

PHS 319

Solid State Physics I

C

2

MAT 301

MAT 311

Complex Analysis I

E

3

FSC 301

FSC 311

History & Philosophy of Science

C

2

  

TOTAL Units of compulsory courses

 

17

 

 

TOTAL Units of elective courses

 

3

300 Level – 2nd Semester

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

PHS 302

PHS 321

Quantum Mechanics I

C

2

PHS 304

PHS 324

Modern Physics II

C

2

PHS 305

PHS 325

Physical Optics

C

2

PHS 308

PHS 327

Theoretical Physics II

C

2

PHS 311

PHS 323

Energy Physics

C

2

 

PHS 322

Statistical Physics I

C

2

PHS 322

PHS 328

Experimental Physics IIB

C

1

PHS 362

PHS 326

Geophysics II

E

2

SIW 399

SIW 300

SIWES II

C

3

 

 

TOTAL Units of compulsory courses

 

16

 

 

TOTAL Units of elective courses

 

2

400 Level – 1st Semester                                                   

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

PHS 402

PHS 412

Statistical Physics II

C

2

PHS 403

PHS 413

Electrodynamics II

C

2

PHS 404

PHS 414

Solid State Physics II

E

2

PHS 405

PHS 415

Nuclear Physics

E

2

PHS 406

PHS 419

Elementary Particle Physics

E

2

 

PHS 411

Computational Physics

C

2

PHS 408

PHS 417

Communication Electronics

E

2

 

PHS 410

Mathematical Physics II

C

2

PHS 421

PHS 418

Experimental Physics III

C

1

PHS 452

PHS 416

Plasma Physics

E

2

 

 

TOTAL Units of compulsory courses

 

9

 

 

TOTAL Units of elective courses

 

10

Summary of number of units compulsory and elective courses to be taken/ available at each Level for B.A. /B.Sc. (Hons.) …….

First Semester

Second Semester

 

Level

Units of compulsory courses

Units of elective courses

Units of compulsory courses

Units of elective courses

Total of Comp. courses

Total of Elective courses

100

19

0

19

6

38

6

200

16

5

12

16

28

21

300

17

3

16

2

33

5

400

9

10

7

20

16

30

 

 

 

 

 

115

62

B.Sc. (Hons) Applied Physics (Electronics)

100 Level – 1st  Semester                                         

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

 Units

GST 102

GST 102

Philosophy and Logic

C

2

GST 105

GST 101

Use of English

C

2

FSC 101

FSC 111

Introductory Biology

C

3

FSC 102

FSC112

Introductory Chemistry

C

3

FSC 103

FSC 113

Introductory Computer science

C

3

FSC 104

FSC 114

Introductory Mathematics

C

3

FSC 105

FSC 115

Introductory Physics 1

C

3

 

 

TOTAL Units compulsory courses

 

19

100 Level – 2nd Semester

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

PHS 101

PHS 121

Introductory Physics   II

C

3

PHS 102

PHS 122

Introductory Physics III

C

3

PHS 103

PHS 123

Introductory Practical Physics

C

2

MAT 101

MAT 121

Algebra and Coordinate Geometry

C

3

MAT 102

MAT 122

Calculus

C

3

MAT 103

MAT 123

Mechanics

E

3

MAT 104

STA 121

Statistics for Scientists

C

3

GST 103

GST 103

Nigerian People’s History & Culture

C

2

CHM 101

CHM 121

Introductory Chemistry II

E

3

 

 

TOTAL Units compulsory courses

 

19

 

 

TOTAL Units elective courses

 

6

200 Level – 1st Semester                  

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

GST 201

GST 201

General African Studies

C

2

FRE 187B

FRE 135

Ancillary French I

C

2

PHS 201

PHS 211

Classical Mechanics I

C

2

PHS 203

PHS 213

Electricity and Magnetism

C

2

PHS 204

PHS 214

Modern Physics 1

C

2

PHS 206

PHS 216

 Electronics I

C

2

PHS 220

PHS 218

Experimental Physics IA

C

1

MAT 201

MAT 211

Real Analysis I

C

3

MAT 206

MAT 213

Mathematical Methods I

E

3

EEG 201

EEG 211

Fundamental of Electrical Engineering I

E

2

EEG 209

EEG 219

Fundamental of Electrical Engineering I Lab

E

1

 

 

TOTAL Units compulsory courses

 

16

 

 

TOTAL Units elective courses

 

6

200 Level – 2nd Semester

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

FRE 188B

FRE 146

Ancillary French II

C

2

PHS 202

PHS 222

Thermal physics

C

2

PHS 205

PHS 225

Oscillations and Waves

C

2

PHS 207

PHS 227

 Optics

C

2

PHS 209

PHS 229

Theoretical Physics I

C

2

PHS 221

PHS 228

Experimental Physics IB

C

1

PHS 262

PHS 226

Workshop Practice

E

2

EEG 202

EEG 222

Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering II

C

2

EEG 210

EEG 220

Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering II Lab

C

1

MEG 104

MEG 124

Engineering Drawing II

E

2

MAT 207

MAT 223

Mathematical Methods II

E

3

MAT 212

STA 222

Statistical Inference

E

2

CSC 207

CSC 227

Intro. To Information Processing

E

3

 

 

TOTAL Units compulsory courses

 

14

 

 

TOTAL Units elective courses

 

12

300 Level – 1st Semester                                                  

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

GST 307

GST 307

Entrepreneurship & Corporate Governance

C

2

PHS 301

PHS 311

Classical Mechanics II

C

2

PHS 303

PHS 313

Electrodynamics I

C

2

PHS 306

PHS 316

Electronics II

C

2

PHS 307

PHS 317

Mathematical Physics I

C

2

PHS 309

PHS 319

Solid State Physics I

C

2

PHS 310

PHS 310

Special Relativity

E

2

PHS 321

PHS 318

Experimental Physics IIA

C

1

MAT 301

MAT 311

Complex Analysis I

E

3

FSC 301

FSC 311

History & Philosophy of Science

C

2

EEG 307

EEG 317

Instrumentation

E

2

 

 

TOTAL Units compulsory courses

 

15

 

 

TOTAL Units elective courses

 

7

300 Level – 2nd Semester

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

PHS 302

PHS 321

Quantum Mechanics I

C

2

PHS 304

PHS 324

Modern Physics II

C

2

PHS 305

PHS 325

Physical Optics

C

2

PHS 311

PHS 323

 Energy Physics

C

2

 

PHS 322

Statistical Physics I

C

2

PHS 322

PHS 328

Experimental Physics IIB

C

1

PHS 361

APH 321

Electronics Laboratory

C

2

SIW 399

SIW 300

SIWES II

C

3

 

 

TOTAL Units compulsory courses

 

16

 

 

TOTAL Units elective courses

 

0

400 Level – 1st Semester                                                  

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

PHS 402

PHS 412

Statistical Physics II

C

2

PHS 403

PHS 413

Electrodynamics II

C

2

PHS 404

PHS 414

Solid State Physics II

E

2

PHS 405

PHS 415

Nuclear Physics

E

2

 

PHS 411

Computational Physics

E

2

PHS 408

PHS 417

Communication Electronics

E

2

 

PHS 410

Mathematical Physics II

E

2

PHS 421

PHS 418

Experimental Physics III

C

1

PHS 452

PHS 416

Plasma Physics

E

2

EEG 407

EEG 417

Active Network

E

2

 

 

TOTAL Units compulsory courses

 

5

 

 

TOTAL Units elective courses

 

14

400 LEVEL –  SECOND SEMESTER

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

PHS 401

PHS 421

Quantum Mechanics II

C

3

PHS 422

PHS 422

Supervised Project

C

4

PHS 409

APH 421

Applied Electronics III

C

2

PHS 453

PHS 423

Ionospheric Physics

E

2

PHS 454

PHS 424

Lower Atmospheric Physics

E

2

PHS 463

PHS 425

Digital Electronics

C

2

PHS 464

PHS  426

Optoelectronics

E

2

PHS 465

PHS 427

Modern Optics

E

2

 

PHS 428

Entrepreneurship for Physicists

E

2

 

 

TOTAL Units compulsory courses

 

11

 

 

TOTAL Units elective courses

 

10

Summary of number of units compulsory and elective courses to be taken/available at each Level for B.Sc. (Hons.) Applied Physics (Electronics)

First Semester

Second Semester

 

Level

Units of compulsory courses

Units of elective courses

Units of compulsory courses

Units of elective courses

Total of Comp. courses

Total of Elective courses

100

19

0

19

6

38

6

200

16

6

14

12

30

18

300

15

7

16

0

31

7

400

5

14

11

10

16

24

 

 

 

 

 

115

55

B.Sc. (Hons) Applied Physics (Energy Physics)

100 Level – 1st Semester                                                                    

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

GST 102

GST 102

Philosophy and Logic

C

2

GST 105

GST 105

Use of English

C

2

FSC 101

FSC 111

Introductory Biology

C

3

FSC 102

FSC112

Introductory Chemistry

C

3

FSC 103

FSC 113

Introductory Computer science

C

3

FSC 104

FSC 114

Introductory Mathematics

C

3

FSC 105

FSC 115

Introductory Physics 1

C

3

 

 

TOTAL Units compulsory courses

 

19

 

 

 

TOTAL Units of elective courses

 

0

100 Level – 2nd Semester

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status:C or E

Units

PHS 101

PHS 121

Introductory Physics II

C

3

PHS 102

PHS 122

Introductory Physics III

C

3

PHS 103

PHS 123

Introductory Practical Physics

C

2

MAT 101

MAT 121

Algebra and Coordinate Geometry

C

3

MAT 102

MAT 122

Calculus

C

3

MAT 103

MAT 123

Mechanics

E

3

MAT 104

STA 121

Statistics for Scientists

C

3

GST 103

GST 103

Nigerian People’s History & Culture

C

2

CHM 101

CHM 121

Introductory Chemistry II

E

3

 

 

TOTAL Units of compulsory courses

 

19

 

 

TOTAL Units of elective courses

 

6

200 Level – 1st Semester                    

                                                                                   

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

GST 201

GST 201

General African Studies

C

2

FRE 187B

FRE 135

Ancillary French I

C

2

PHS 201

PHS 211

Classical Mechanics I

C

2

PHS 203

PHS 213

Electricity and Magnetism

C

2

PHS 204

PHS 214

Modern Physics 1

C

2

PHS 206

PHS 216

Electronics I

C

2

PHS 220

PHS 218

Experimental Physics IA

C

1

 

APH 231

Energy and the environment

C

1

MAT 201

MAT 211

Real Analysis I

C

3

MAT 206

MAT 213

Mathematical Methods I

E

3

 

CSC 211

Software Workshop (Object Oriented Programming) II

E

3

 

 

TOTAL Units of compulsory courses

 

17

 

 

TOTAL Units of elective courses

 

6

200 Level – 2nd Semester

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

FRE 188B

FRE 146

Ancillary French II

C

2

PHS 202

PHS 222

Thermal physics

C

2

PHS 205

PHS 225

Oscillations and Waves

C

2

PHS 207

PHS 227

Optics

C

2

PHS 209

PHS 229

Theoretical Physics I

C

2

PHS 221

PHS 228

Experimental Physics IB

C

1

PHS 262

PHS 226

Workshop Practice

E

2

MAT 212

STA 222

Statistical Inference

E

2

MAT 204

MAT 222

Linear Algebra

E

2

MAT 207

MAT 223

Mathematical Methods II

E

3

CSC 207

CSC 227

Intro. To Information Processing

E

3

 

APH 241

Renewable Energy I

C

2

 

 

TOTAL Units of compulsory courses

 

13

 

 

TOTAL Units of elective courses

 

12

300 Level – 1st Semester   

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

GST 307

GST 307

Entrepreneurship & Corporate Governance

C

2

PHS 301

PHS 311

Classical Mechanics II

C

2

PHS 303

PHS 313

Electrodynamics I

C

2

PHS 306

PHS 316

Electronics II

C

3

PHS 307

PHS 317

Mathematical Physics I

C

2

PHS 310

PHS 310

Special Relativity

C

2

PHS 321

PHS 318

Experimental Physics IIA

C

1

PHS 309

PHS 319

Solid State Physics I

C

2

MAT 301

MAT 311

Complex Analysis I

E

3

FSC 301

FSC 311

History & Philosophy of Science

C

2

 

 

TOTAL Units of compulsory courses

 

17

 

 

TOTAL Units of elective courses

 

3

300 Level – 2nd Semester

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

PHS 302

PHS 321

Quantum Mechanics I

C

2

PHS 304

PHS 324

Modern Physics II

C

2

PHS 305

PHS 325

Physical Optics

C

2

PHS 311

PHS 323

Energy Physics

C

2

 

PHS 322

Statistical Physics I

C

2

PHS 322

PHS 328

Experimental Physics II B

C

1

 

CSC 322

A Modern Programming Language

E

3

SIW 399

SIW 300

SIWES II

C

3

 

 

TOTAL Units of compulsory courses

 

14

 

 

TOTAL Units of elective courses

 

3

 

400 Level – 1st Semester       

Course Code

(OLD)

Course Code

(NEW)

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

PHS 402

PHS 412

Statistical Physics II

C

2

PHS 403

PHS 413

Electrodynamics II

C

2

PHS 404

PHS 414

Solid State Physics II

E

2

PHS 405

PHS 415

Nuclear Physics

E

2

 

PHS 411

Computational Physics

C

2

 

PHS 410

Mathematical Physics II

C

2

PHS 421

PHS 418

Experimental Physics III

C

1

PHS 452

PHS 416

Plasma Physics

E

2

 

APH 431

Renewable Energy III

E

2

 

APH 432

Special Topics in Conventional Energy

E

2

 

APH 433

Reliability and Maintainability of Power Systems

E

2

 

 

TOTAL Units of compulsory courses

 

9

 

 

TOTAL Units of elective courses

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

400 Level – 2nd Semester

Old Code

New Code

 Course Title

Status: C or E

Units

PHS 401

PHS 421

Quantum Mechanics II

C

3

PHS 422

PHS 422

Supervised Project

C

4

PHS 453

PHS 423

Ionospheric Physics

E

2

PHS 454

PHS 424

Lower Atmospheric Physics

E

2

PHS 463

PHS 425

Digital Electronics

E

2

PHS 464

PHS 426

Optoelectronics

E

2

PHS 465

PHS 427

Modern Optics

E

2

 

PHS 428

Entrepreneurship for Physicists

E

2

 

APH 441

Nuclear Reactor Physics

E

2

 

APH 442

Special Topics in Renewable Energy

E

2

 

APH 443

Energy Efficient Building

E

2

 

APH 444

Radiation Effects and Protection

E

2

 

 

TOTAL Units of compulsory courses

 

7

 

 

TOTAL Units of elective courses

 

20

 

Summary of number of units compulsory and elective courses to be taken/ available at each Level for B.A. /B.Sc. (Hons.) …….

First Semester

Second Semester

 

Level

Units of compulsory courses

Units of elective courses

Units of compulsory courses

Units of elective courses

Total of Comp. courses

Total of Elective courses

100

19

0

19

6

38

6

200

17

3

13

12

30

15

300

19

3

14

3

33

6

400

7

14

7

20

14

34

 

 

 

 

 

115

61

SYNOPSES OF COURSES FOR UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMME

100 LEVEL COURSES

 

FSC 115: INTRODUCTORY PHYSICS I                                                     3  UNITS

Physical quantities, standards and units. Kinematics: uniform velocity motion, uniform acceleration motion. Dynamics: Newton’s laws of motion. Newton’s universal law of gravitation. Work, energy, power, conservation laws. Concept of mechanical equilibrium. Centre of mass and centre of gravity. Moment of a force. Rotational motion, angular momentum and torque. Total mechanical energy; elasticity, Hooke’s law, Young’s shear and bulk modulus. Hydrodynamics. Molecular properties of fluids, viscosity, surface tension, adhesion, cohesion, capillarity, drops and bubbles.

Temperature and the Zeroth law of thermodynamics. Quantity of heat. Heat transfer. Gas Laws. First and second laws of thermodynamics. Application to kinetic theory of gases.

PHS 121: INTRODUCTORY PHYSICS II                                                  3 UNITS

Geometric Optics: Laws of reflection and refraction. Location of images. Plane and curved mirrors. Converging and diverging thin lenses. Aberrations. The eye. Optical instruments.

Simple Harmonic motion. Wave motion and wave types. Dispersion. Production of sound in strings and pipes, resonance; applications. Simple description of diffraction and interference, applications to both light and sound waves. Polarization of transverse waves.

Atomic structure. Production and properties of X-rays. Radioactivity. Photoelectric emission.

PHS 122: INTRODUCTORY PHYSICS III                                                 3 UNITS

Electrostatics, potential and capacitance, dielectrics, production and measurement of static electricity. Current, Ohm’s law, resistance and resistivity, heating, Galvanometers, Voltmeters and Ammeters.

D.C. circuits, sources of emf and currents, Kirchhoff’s laws. Electrochemistry. The Earth’s magnetic fields and induction. Faraday’s and Lenz’s Laws. Force on a current carrying conductor. Biot-Savart law. Flemmings right and left-hand rules, motors and generators.

PHS 123: INTRODUCTORY PRACTICAL PHYSICS                                            2 UNITS

Simple experiments illustrating the key topics covered in FSC 105, PHS 101 and PHS 102 theoretical courses.

200 LEVEL COURSES

PHS 211: CLASSICAL MECHANICS                                                 2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: FSC 115.

Review of coordinate transformations. Particle kinematics and dynamics. Systems of particles, Central orbits – Keplerian case. Elementary motion of rigid bodies. Newtonian gravitation. Conservative forces and potentials. Defects of Newtonian mechanics and the essence of special relativity. Elasticity, stress, strain, static and dynamic friction, hydrodynamics irrotational flow, viscosity, surface tension.

 

PHS 212: GEOPHYSICS I                                                               2 UNITS

Gravity methods: Newton’s gravitation; applications. Instruments: gravimeters; Zero-length spring. Densities: rocks and ores. Magnetic methods: definitions; concepts. Geomagnetism; origin; properties of rocks. Gravity and magnetic field survey; instruments data processing: interpretations. Field work. The earth, internal structure and construction.

 

PHS 213: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM                                                  2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 122.

Electrostatics: Method of images. D.C. Network analysis and circuit theories. R-C and L-C circuits, transient time constants. A. C. circuits; inductance capacitance, transformers; eddy currents; hysteresis. Sinusoidal waveforms: r.m.s. and peak values; maximum power theorem. Q-factor of RLC circuits. Filters. Dielectric media, piezoelectricity.

PHS 214: MODERN PHYSICS I                                                       2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 121.

The electron: discovery and properties. Atomic structure. Photoelectric effect. X-Ray spectra. Mass spectra. Structure of the nucleus; nomenclature; binding energy; stability. Radioactivity: discovery and properties, radioactive series. Accelerators. Detectors.

 

PHS 216: ELECTRONICS I                                                              2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 122.

Electrons in matter, electron emission. Tube devices; structure, characteristics and applications. Semiconductors; doping, Transport phenomena in semiconductors. p-n junctions, p-n diode, diode characteristics. Transistors and applications. Semiconductor diodes: resistance; transient times; switching; capacitance. Diode types: Zener; Tunnel; LEDs. Applications in Analog and digital circuits; stabilized power packs; wave-shaping; chipping.

 

PHS 218: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS IA                                                        1 UNIT

Laboratory experiments based on 200 Level Physics courses: Mechanics, Optics, Heat and Electricity.

PHS 222: THERMAL PHYSICS                                                                                                 2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: FSC 115.

Thermodynamic systems: Equation of State: First Law of thermodynamics: Combined First and Second Laws. Thermodynamic Potentials. Applications to simple Systems including phase transitions. Kinetic theory of gases, elementary statistical Physics.

PHS 223: INTRODUCTORY ASTROPHYSICS                                               2 UNITS

Abundance and origin of the elements; formation, condensation, and age of the solar system; meteorites and the historical record of the solar system they preserve; comets and asteroids; the planets and their satellites; temperatures and atmospheres of the planets; and the origin of the Earth’s lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere. Structure, origin, evolution of stars, galaxies, planets, Physical laws applied in the study of the structures and evolution of galaxies, quasars, clusters of galaxies, and the universe at large. Stellar atmosphere.

 

PHS 225: OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES                                                              2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 121.

Wave phenomena; acoustical waves, the oscillator. Wave energy, wave types; longitudinal, transverse, standing, spherical. Wave properties; group and phase velocities; Doppler effect; diffraction, interference. Thin films. Vibrations: undamped, damped and forced vibration. Resonance, response, sharpness of response, quality factor.

PHS 226: WORKSHOP PRACTICE                                          2 UNITS

First-aid in the laboratory and workshop. Selection and use of materials in common use. Soldering and welding. Gauges and indicators. Use of standard workshop machines; the lathe, the drill, the grinder and other power-operated tools, maintenance of tools. Fabrication and projects/term work.

PHS 227: OPTICS                                                     2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 121.

The nature of light, basic radiometry, Rays and wave fronts, Fermat’s principle. Geometrical optics; image formation and location in both thin and thick lenses; principal planes, paraxial rays, ray transfer matrix and ray tracing. Imaging and imaging system design, aberrations, optical instruments.  Interference, diffraction and polarization. Introduction to Masers and lasers; holography; dispersion and scattering.

 

PHS 228: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS IB                                               1 UNIT

Laboratory experiments based on 200 Level Physics courses: Mechanics, Optics, Heat and Electricity.

PHS 229: THEORETICAL  PHYSICS  I                                                   2 UNITS

Prerequisites: Nil

Differential equations, Multiple integration: Line, double and triple integrals, Applications in moment of inertia, centre of mass, etc., Transformation in 3-D. Partial differentiation. Matrices. Complex analysis.

 300 LEVEL COURSES

PHS 310: SPECIAL RELATIVITY                                                               2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 211.

Einstein postulates and Lorentz transformation; consequences of transformations of momentum and energy. Experimental verifications of special relativity. Velocity addition theorem and Doppler effect. Electromagnetic 4-vectors, Transformation of E & H. Lorentz force.

PHS 311: CLASSICAL MECHANICS                                   2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 211.

Degrees of freedom and generalized coordinates: constraints, Lagrange’s formulation of mechanics; applications. The calculus of variations and the principle of least action; geodesics. Hamilton’s formulation of mechanics; applications. Invariance and conservation laws. Two-body central force problems; moving frames of reference. Forced and coupled oscillations; normal modes. Rigid body motion.

 

PHS 313: ELECTRODYNAMICS I                                            2 UNITS

Pre-requisites: PHS 213.

Electrostatics and Magnetostatics. Dielectrics; Laplace equation and boundary value problems. Multipole expansions. Maxwell’s equations and electromagnetic potentials; Maxwell’s wave equation. Conservation laws.

 

PHS 316: ELECTRONICS II                                                                2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 216.

Introduction to transistors. The transistor parameters. Amplifiers. High frequency limitations. Noise. Introduction of field effect transistors. JFET, MOSPET. Applications to single stage low voltage amplifiers.Multistage amplifiers. Power amplifiers: classes A, B, C. Active and Passive Filters; Power systems; Use of transistors in stabilized power supplies.

PHS 317: MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS I                                               2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 229.

Numerical and harmonic analysis. Orthogonal function expansions. The Dirac delta function. Fourier series and integral. Fourier and Laplace transforms; applications. Eigenvalue problems. Calculation of residues and application to evaluation of integrals and summation of series; applications.

 

PHS 318: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS IIA                                                 2 UNITS

Advanced  experiment on mechanics, heat, optics and electricity

PHS 319: SOLID-STATE PHYSICS 1                                   2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 222.

Crystal structure of solids. Crystal binding. X-ray diffraction in crystals; application. Thermal properties of the crystal lattice. Elastic properties; lattice vibrations; phonons. Free-electron theory of metals. Motion of electrons in periodic fields. Hall Effect. Energy bands. Introduction to Semiconductors and Superconductors.

PHS 321: QUANTUM MECHANICS I                                                               2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 214.

Experimental basis of quantum theory; Black body radiation, and Planck’s hypothesis, electron and quanta; Bohr’s theory of atomic structure, de Brogue hypothesis. Operators. Postulates of Quantum Mechanics. Wave particle duality. Schrodinger equations and their solutions. Boundary conditions. Applications; one-dimensional box problem; potential well and bound sates potential barrier; the tunnel effect; atomic and molecular structures and reactions fusion and fission.

 

PHS 322: STATISTICAL PHYSICS I                               2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 222.

Introduction to probability, statistical mechanics, and thermodynamics. Random variables, joint and conditional probability densities, and functions of random variables. Concepts of macroscopic variables and thermodynamic equilibrium, fundamental assumption of statistical mechanics, micro-canonical and canonical ensembles. First, second and third laws of thermodynamics. Applications physical phenomena such as magnetism, polyatomic gases, thermal radiation, electrons in solids, and noise in electronic devices.

 

PHS 323: ENERGY PHYSICS                                                       2 UNITS

Energy and Power, principles, demands and outlook, transformation of energy and its costs. Thermal pollution. Electrical energy from fossil fuels. Hydro-electric generation. Principles and problems. Capacity, storage, reserves, efficiency and environmental effects. Electrical energy from nuclear reactors, energy in future breeder reactors, fusion power, solar power, geothermal power, tidal power etc.

 

PHS 324: MODERN PHYSICS II                                     2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 214.

Properties of atomic orbits. Optical spectra of the hydrogen atom. Spontaneous and stimulated emissions (Lasers and Masers). Spectra of alkali metals. Quantum effects. Vector model of the atom: L-S and J-J couplings. Bohr magneton. Space quantization. Stern-Gerlach Experiment. Zeeman effect. Hyperfine structure, Isotopes and nuclear spin. Nuclear spin number. Pauli’s exclusion principle, molecular spectroscopy; rotation, vibration, X-ray spectra. Applications to chemistry Frank – Gordon principle. Microwave methods. Resonance phenomena, ESR, NMR. Optical pumping and Mossbauer scattering.

 

PHS 325: PHYSICAL OPTICS                                                                    2 UNITS

Pre-requisites: PHS 225.

Electromagnetic waves. Complex representation of waves. Superposition of waves. Interference of two or more light beams. Young’s double slit experiment, Michelson interferometer, Fabry-Perot interferometer. Coherence. Interference by division of amplitude. Interferometry, Fraunhoffer diffraction, Fresnel diffraction, diffraction gratings. Polarization of light and its matrix; Jones vectors. Double refraction: quarter and half-wave plates. Optical activity. Modern wave optics. Laser beams. Holography. Optical filtering, Magneto-optics and electro-optics. Lasers, Gaussian beams, holography. Fourier methods in optics.

 

PHS 326: GEOPHYSICS II                                   2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 212

Seismic Methods: Elastic properties of rocks. Wave propagation in elastic media. Refraction and Reflection. Seismic: horizontal and inclined multiple interface; instrumentation; field procedures. Velocity Analysis. Methods of processing and interpretation. Application in oil and water prospecting. Electrical methods.

 

PHS 327 (SIW 301): SIWES II                                              3 UNITS

 

PHS 328: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS IIB                                                      2 UNITS

Advanced  experiment on mechanics, heat, optics and electricity

 

APH 321: ELECTRONIC PRACTICAL                                                                                2 UNITS

Specialized laboratory practical for Applied Physics (Electronics) students. Hands-on experience on: the use of electronic CAD tools, fabrication of prototype devices with industrial application. Application of microcontroller in modern electronics

400 LEVEL COURSES

PHS 410: MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS II                  2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 317.

Partial differential equations, solutions of boundary value problems of p.d.e  by various methods (separation of variables, integral transforms, etc), Green function, Convolution. Sturm Liouville theory, uniqueness of solutions. Calculus of residues and applications to evaluations of integrals and summation series. Application to various physical situation which may include electromagnetic theory, quantum theory and diffusion equation. Introduction to Nonlinear dynamics: Nonlinear ODE and PDE .

 

PHS 411: COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS                                                   2 UNITS

Use of numerical methods in physics, various methods of numerical differentiation and integration. Numerical solutions of differential and partial differential equations of interest in physics. Statistical analysis of data.

PHS 412: STATISTICAL PHSYCIS II                                     2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 322.

Basic concepts of statistical mechanics; microscopic basis of mechanics and applications to macroscopic systems. Probability distribution for classical and quantum systems. Micro-canonical, canonical and grand canonical partition-functions and associated thermodynamics potentials. Applications: non-interacting Bose and Fermi gases; mean field theories for real gases, binary mixtures, magnetic systems, polymer solutions; phase and reaction equilibria, critical phenomena. Fluctuations, correlation functions and susceptibilities, and Kubo formulae. Evolution of distribution functions. Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution. The perfect quantal gas; Bose-Einstein, Fermi-Dirac distributions, The Blackbody, Bose-Einstein condensation.

 

PHS 413: ELECTRODYNAMICS II                                                       2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 313.

Propagation of plane waves in unbounded isotropic media, reflection, refraction. Transmission lines, wave guides and resonant circuits. Radiation from an oscillating dipole. Radiation from moving charges.

PHS 414: SOLID STATE PHYSICS II                                          2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 319.

Dielectric properties. Magnetism; Paramagnetism, diamagnetism, ferromagnetism and anti-ferromagnetism; magnetic resonance, imperfections in solids. Semiconductor theory and superconductivity.

.

PHS 415: NUCLEAR  PHYSICS                                          2 UNITS

Basic Nuclear concepts; nuclear structure; nuclear size, nuclear masses, nuclear forces; nucleon scattering; nuclear models. Energy spectra of alpha and beta decays. Fermi theory of beta decay; emission; internal conversion. Nuclear reactions. Interaction of nuclear radiation with matter.

 

PHS 416: PLASMA PHYSICS                                2 UNITS

Orbits of individual particles, Boltzmann equation, Magneto-hydrodynamics, confinement of plasma research and industrial applications.

PHS 417: COMMUNICATION ELECTRONICS                                                     2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 316

High input impedance circuits. High frequency oscillators. Modulation and detection. Amplitude Modulation: Square law modulator and detector, Switching modulator, envelope detector, double sideband suppressed carrier (DSBSC) modulation, generation of balanced modulator, ring modulation, coherent detector of DSBSC waves, double-balanced modulator. Single sideband modulation (SSB) and demodulator. Vestigial sideband modulation. (VSB), Frequency Modulated (FM) Systems.       

PHS 418: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS III                            1 UNIT            
Instrumentation: oscilloscope, networks differentiation & integration, superposition and Thevenin’s theorem, transistors, semiconductor diode characterization, Op-Amp, electrical pulses, transmission lines, photoelectric effect: determination of h, earth resistance, mini projects.

 

PHS 419: ELEMENTARY PARTICLE PHYSICS                                                    2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 324

Elementary particles: types, conservation laws, particle classification. Strong, gravitational, electro-magnetic and weak interactions. Particle resonances. Symmetry models SU(2), SU(3), SU(2). Quarks.

 

PHS 420: GENERAL RELATIVITY                                         3 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 310.

Fundamentals of tensor transformations, Geometrical concept of gravitation, weak field approximation, gravitational field equations in free space. Schwarzschild solution, cosmological models.

 

PHS 421: QUANTUM MECHANICS II                             3 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 321.

Harmonic oscillators. Three-dimensional spherically symmetric potentials. Angular momentum and spin of atomic and nuclear particles. Dirac Notation. Multi-electron atoms. Perturbation theory (time-independent and time-dependent) , variational method, WKB and Born-Oppenheimer approximations. Applications to atomic and molecular systems. Scattering theory, elastic potential scattering. Green’s function and method of partial waves, Applications.

 

PHS 422: SUPERVISED PROJECTS                                          4 UNITS

Each student is expected to undertake a project

PHS 423: IONOSPHERIC PHYSICS                                                          2 UNITS

The sun and formation of ionized layers, formation and Structure of D, E, and F layers of the ionosphere, Vertical and Oblique propagation of radio waves in the ionosphere, ionospheric absorption and fading, ionospheric disturbances.

PHS 424: LOWER ATMOSPHERE PHYSICS                                       2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: NIL

Atmospheric composition and structure. Thermodynamics of water vapour and air. Hydrostatic stability and convection; tephigrams; gradients and winds. Radiation in the atmosphere; absorption, scattering. Absorption spectra: electronic, vibrational, rotational; lines and bands, Broadening processes; pressure/collision; Doppler. Radiometric quantities; definitions and measurements.

PHS 425: DIGITAL ELECTRONICS                                          2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 316.

Logic expressions and their simplifications: De Morgan’s Laws. Implementing Logic expressions using logic gates; Karnaugh maps. Logic families and their generic properties: RTL, DTL, TIL, HTL, BCL, CTL, CMOS; Analysis of wiring schematic of typical SSI chips; 741, 7404, 74121, 555. Decoder/ multiplexer. Coder. Read only memory (ROM). Sequential digital systems; 1-bit memory, flip-flops shift register, counters A/D, D/A, Converters. Displays. Computer interface systems.

PHS 426: OPTOELECTRONICS                                                     2 UNITS

Pre-requisites: Nil.

Modulation of light; optical activity electro and magneto optic effects and devices: Faraday effect, Kerr effect. Acousto-optic effect. Laser: concepts; optical pumping; feedback; population inversion; Classes: doped, gas, liquid, semiconductor. Display devices and photo-electrons; luminescence; photoluminescence; photo-conductive detectors. Fibre optics and communication concepts; Fibre optical waveguides: concepts; Fibre optical waveguides; planar dielectric waveguide; intermodal dispersion. Losses in fibres. Integrated optics.

 

PHS 427: MODERN OPTICS                                 2 UNITS

Pre-requisites: Nil.

Integrated optics, Nonlinear optics, propagation of light in  material media (including crystals), quantum theory of light, optical spectra, lasers, holography. Application of ray matrix to laser resonator. Various applications of lasers, etc.

 

PHS 428:   ENTREPRENEURSHIP FOR PHYSICISTS                                             2 UNITS

Understanding entrepreneurship: the entrepreneur and the entrepreneurial process. The potential of physicists and engineers to contribute as entrepreneurs. Steps Required to research the potential for a new venture opportunity. Concept of IP Generation and protection. Steps involved in turning an invention into a product.       Obtaining sufficient financial literacy and knowledge to write a business plan.   Steps required in setting up a new venture. “Soft skills” for success in a business environment. Resource available to up-coming entrepreneurs.

 

PHS 441: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY                                             2UNITS   

Crystal morphology, crystal optics, classification of crystal polarization, Interference and dispersion in crystals. X-ray diffraction. Applications in research and industry.

PHS 442: MODERN ASTROPHYSICS                        2 UNITS

Pre-requisite: PHS 208

 Applications of physics (Newtonian, statistical, and quantum mechanics) to fundamental processes that occur in celestial objects. Includes main-sequence stars, collapsed stars (white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes), pulsar, supernovae, the interstellar medium, galaxies. Optional topics are active galaxies, quasars, and cosmology.

 

APH 421: APPLIED ELECTRONICS III                                    2 UNITS

Pre-requisites PHS 316

Pulse generation. Timing circuits. Wave shaping circuits. Generation of sinusoidal wave forms; bistable; mono-comparator, multi-vibrators. Industrial electronic applications. Microwave circuits.

 

APH 429: APPLIED ELECTRONICS III                              2 UNITS

Pre-requisites PHS 316. 

Pulse generation. Timing circuits. Wave shaping circuits. Generation of sinusoidal wave forms; bistable; mono-comparator, multi-vibrators. Industrial electronic applications. Microwave circuits.