microbiology prospectus

FOUR YEAR PROGRAMME IN DEPARTMENT OF MICROBIOLOGY

100 LEVEL FIRST SEMESTER
COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE STATUS C or E UNITS
FSC 111 Introductory Biology C 3
FSC 112 Introductory Chemistry C 3
FSC 113 Introductory Computer C 3
FSC 114 Introductory Mathematics C 3
FSC 115 Introductory Physics C 3
ZLY 111 Introductory Zoology I C 2
GST 101 Use of English I C 2
GST 102 Philosophy and Logic C 2
TOTAL UNITS  OF COMPULSORY COURSES   21
TOTAL UNITS  OF ELECTIVE COURSES  
100 LEVEL SECOND SEMESTER
COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE STATUS C or E UNITS
MIC 121 Introductory Microbiology C 2
BTN 121 General Botany C 3
CHM 121 Introductory Chemistry II C 3
CHM 122 Experimental Chemistry I C 2
ZLY 121 Introductory Zoology II C 2
PHS 123 Introductory Practical Physics C 2
CSC 120 Computer as a Problem Solving Tool E 3
GST 103 Nigeria People and Culture C 2
TOTAL UNITS  OF COMPULSORY COURSES   16
TOTAL UNITS  OF ELECTIVE COURSES   3
200 LEVEL FIRST SEMESTER                  
COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE STATUS C or E UNITS
MIC 211 Basic Microbiology I C 3  
BTN 211 Variety of Plants I C 3  
ZLY 211 Animal Structure and Function I C 3  
CHM 213 Basic Organic Chemistry C 3  
CBG 211 Cell Biology C 3  
BCH 211 Introductory Biochemistry I C 2  
GST 201 General African Studies C 2  
FRE 135 French for Science and Professional Students  I C 2  
TOTAL UNITS  OF COMPULSORY COURSES   21  
TOTAL UNITS  OF ELECTIVE COURSES    
200 LEVEL SECOND SEMESTER
COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE STATUS C or E UNITS
MIC 221 Basic Microbiology II C 2
ZLY 221 Animal Structure and Function II C 3
BTN 221 Variety of Plants II C 3
FRE 146 French for Science and Professional Students  II C 2
CHM 223 Experimental Chemistry III C 2
BCH 222 Introductory Biochemistry II C 2
CBG 223 Cell Physiology E 3
CSC 227 Introduction to Information Processing E 3
TOTAL UNITS  OF COMPULSORY COURSES   14
TOTAL UNITS  OF ELECTIVE COURSES   6
300 LEVEL FIRST SEMESTER
COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE STATUS C or E UNITS
MIC 311 Bacteriology C 3
MIC 312 Immunology and Immunochemistry C 2
BTN 313 Mycology C 3
FSC 311 History and Philosophy of Science C 2
STA 314 Statistics for Biologists C 3
CBG 315 Inter. Cell & Molecular Biology E 3
GST 307 Entrepreneurship and Corporate Governance C 2
ZLY 315 Ecotoxicology E 2
ZLY 314 Techniques in Parasitology E 2
BCH 316 General Biochemistry (non-major) E 3
TOTAL UNITS  OF COMPULSORY COURSES   15
TOTAL UNITS  OF ELECTIVE COURSES   10
300 LEVEL SECOND SEMESTER
COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE STATUS C or E UNITS
MIC 321 Virology C 3
MIC 322 Microbial Physiology and Metabolism C 3
MIC 323 Microbial Ecology C 3
CBG 326 Biological Techniques E 2
SIW 300 Industrial Attachment C 3
ETB 321 Ethnobotany I E 3
MSF 320 Principle of Aquaculture E 2
MSF 322 Hydrobiology E 3
CBG 341 Bioethics & Biosafety E 2
ZLY 327 Principles of Parasitology E 2
TOTAL UNITS  OF COMPULSORY COURSES   12
TOTAL UNITS  OF ELECTIVE COURSES   11
400 LEVEL FIRST SEMESTER
COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE STATUS C or E UNITS
MIC 411 Microbial Genetics C 2
MIC 412 Food Microbiology C 2
MIC 413 Petroleum Microbiology E 2
MIC 414 Medical Microbiology C 2
MIC 415 Pharmaceutical Microbiology E 2
MIC 416 Quality Control E 2
BCH 415 Forensic Biochemistry E 3
BTN 413 Economic Botany E 3
MSF 418 Fish Pathology E 3
TOTAL UNITS  OF COMPULSORY COURSES   6
TOTAL UNITS  OF ELECTIVE COURSES   15
400 LEVEL SECOND SEMESTER
COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE STATUS C or E UNITS
MIC 421 Environmental Microbiology C 2
MIC 422 Agricultural Microbiology E 2
MIC 423 Industrial Microbiology C 2
MIC 424 Microbial Biotechnology E 2
MIC 425 Seminar C 2
MIC 426 Research Project C 4
BTN 421 Principles of Plant Pathology E 3
ZLY 441 Applied Parasitology E 3
ZLY 426 Medical and Veterinary Entomology E 3
BCH 428 Introductory Bioinformatics E 2
TOTAL UNITS  OF COMPULSORY COURSES   10
TOTAL UNITS  OF ELECTIVE COURSES   16

Summary of number of units compulsory and elective courses to be taken/ available at each Level for B.Sc. (Hons.) Microbiology

First Semester

Second Semester

 

 

Level

Units of compulsory courses

Units of elective courses

Units of compulsory courses

Units of elective courses

Total units of Compulsory courses

Total units of Elective courses

100

21

0

16

3

37

3

200

21

0

14

6

35

6

300

15

10

12

11

27

21

400

6

15

10

15

16

30

 

 

 

 

 

115

60

Graduation Requirements

To graduate, a student must pass a minimum of
i.128 units for a 4-year degree programme
ii.96 units for a student on direct entry into a 4-year degree programme(82 Units of Conpulsory Courses which include all GST)
This minimum will include
i.All University Requirements, GST 101, GST 123, GST 102, GST 211, GST 317 (10 units)
ii.Faculty Requirements, FSC 111, FSC 112, FSC 113, FSC 114, FSC 115, FSC 311, FRE 135, FRE 146 (21 units)
iiiDepartmental Requirement: All compulsory coursesZLY111, MIC121, BTN121, CHM122, CHM121, PHS123, ,MIC 211, BTN211, ZLY211, CHM213, CBG211,  MIC221, ZLY221, BTN221, CHM223, MIC311, MIC312, MIC323, BTN313, STA314, MIC321, MIC322, SIW300, MIC411, MIC423, MIC421, MIC425, MIC426 , BCH211.
iv.Electives: Only from those listed and approved by the department ZLY121, BCH222, CBG223, CSC227, CBG315, ZLY315, ZLY314, ETB 321, ZLY327, MIC412, MIC413, MIC414, MIC415, MIC416, BTN421, BTN413, MIC424, MIC422, ZLY441, MSF 418,  BCH 428, CSC120.

COURSE CONTENTS

100 LEVEL

MIC 121:  Introductory Microbiology                                                          (2 units)

History and Scope of Microbiology. Instrumentation in Microbiology. Structure, Ecology and Reproduction of representative genera. Isolation and cultivation of bacteria, fungi and viruses Biochemical activities of microorganisms. Immunological properties of microorganisms. Economic importance of microorganisms especially in Medicine, Agriculture, Food, Environment and Biotechnology.

 

200 LEVEL

MIC 211: Basic Microbiology I                                                                     (3 units)

Pre-requisite: MIC 121                    

History and development of Microbiology; Use of Microscopes. General characteristics of Viruses, Bacteria, Fungi, Protozoa and Algae (Blue-green Algae). Sterilization and Disinfection. Microbiological media and pure culture techniques. Straining techniques; preservation of laboratory cultures. Elementary Microbial Physiology. Microorganisms in relation to health, food and industry. Microbial variation and heredity.

 

MIC 221: Basic Microbiology II                                                                   (2 units)

Microscopy and calibration of microscopes. Preparation of slides. Sectioning techniques in culturing plant and animal tissues.

 

300 LEVEL

MIC 311: Bacteriology                                                                                    (3 units)

Bacterial cell structures and functions. Systemic study of bacteria and related prokaryotes. Morphology and biochemical characteristics of selected general of bacteria.  Methods of isolation and cultivation. Economic importance of each group.

 

MIC 321: Virology                                                                                (3 units)

General characteristics of plant, animal and bacterial viruses. Viral replication, spread and cytopathic effects.  Virus cultivation, purification and assay.  Selected viral diseases and general methods of control.  Viroids as pathogens.

 

MIC 312:  Immunology and Immunochemistry                                        (3 units)

Basic concepts of immunology.  Structure of antigens and antibody formation. Monoclonal antibodies.  Immediate and delayed hypersensitivity. Immunopathology and transplantation immunology; Tumor Immunology. Advances in immunological techniques, Immunoprophylaxis and serotherapy. Vaccines and toxoids. Interferon.

 

MIC 322: Microbial Physiology and Metabolism                                     (3 units)

Nutrition in microorganisms: Uptake of nutrients and survival strategies. Growth and factors influencing growth. Overview of energy yielding processes: Fermentation and respiration; Microbial photosynthesis. Biosynthesis of monomers and polymers. Regulation of metabolism.

MIC 323: Microbial Ecology                                                                         (3 units)

Microbes and ecological theory. Physiological, morphological and genetic adaptations of microorganisms to their environment. Microbial interactions. Microorganisms in natural ecosystems – air, springs, rivers, lakes and seas. Cycling of elements in water and sediments. Microbial bioconversions in nature and biofouling.

 

SIW 300: Industrial Attachment                                                                    (3 units)

Industrial attachment in Medical/Public Health or Industrial establishments during the long vacation. 

 

400 LEVEL

MIC 411: Microbial Genetics                                                                         (2 units)

Principles of genetic analysis.  Nature of mutations.  Induction, isolation and biochemical characterisation of mutants. Genetic recombination in prokaryotes including transformation, transduction, phage conversion conjugation.  General and specialized methods and techniques in microbial genetics.  Chemical coding and expression of genetic information.  Fungal genetics and mitotic recombination in lower eukaryotes.  Principles and applications of genetic engineering.

 

MIC 421: Environmental Microbiology                                                     (2 units)

Impact of human activities on the value of natural resources.  Soil, water and air pollution.  Waste disposal and management.  Methods of water or sewage treatment processes and activities of specific microorganisms involved.  Disease transmission by water.  Biological and chemical oxygen demand.  Biodegradation of pollutants and recalcitrance.

 

MIC 412: Food Microbiology                                                                        (2 units)

History and scope of Food Microbiology.  Microbial flora and sources of microorganisms in food. Methods of isolation and cultivation of food-borne microorganisms. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors affecting microbial growth and survival. Role of microorganisms in food spoilage, food poisoning, fermentations, health and food production. Methods of food preservation. Strategies to ensure safety and wholesomeness of foods.

 

MIC 423: Industrial Microbiology                                                               (2 units)

History and practice of Industrial Microbiology. Microorganisms of industrial importance. Strains selection and development. Fermentation processes and optimization techniques. Development of water cultures. Use of microorganisms in industrial processes e.g. enzyme production, single-cell protein, chemicals, food production etc.

 

MIC 413: Petroleum Microbiology                                                              (2 units)

Biogenesis of fossil fuels with emphasis on the role of microorganisms.  Petroleum prospecting and secondary recovery. Microbial corrosion of pipes and equipment. Methanogenesis and methanotrophy. Effects of oil spills on microbial activities in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Biodeterioration of aviation fuels, lubricants and cutting fluids. Biotransformation of hydrocarbons.

 

MIC 422: Agricultural Microbiology                                                          (2 units)

Introduction to Agricultural Microbiology. Role of microorganisms in litter decomposition, Soil fertility, Rhizobium and Nitrogen fixation. Other associations of microbes in soil e.g. mycorrhizae. Role of microorganisms in carbon and nitrogen cycles. Plant Pathology – Plant diseases of economic importance, zoonotic diseases: bacterial zoonoses and etiological agents, diseases of birds, symptoms, tentative diagnosis, treatment and control.

 

 

MIC 414: Medical Microbiology                                                                   (2 units)

Overview of microorganisms of medical importance. Selection, collection and transportation of clinical specimens. Examination of blood, cerebrospinal fluid, pleural fluid and other body fluids. Conventional and rapid methods for identification of isolates: Principles of automated methods in diagnostic microbiology. Microbial infections of the vital blood systems. Pathogenesis, control and treatment of microbial infections (including recent advances). Emerging pathogens of medical importance.

 

MIC 415: Pharmaceutical Microbiology                                                    (2 units)

Scope of Pharmaceutical microbiology. Microbe of pharmaceutical importance: Bacteria, yeast and moulds. History and classes of antibiotics: Anti-tubercular drugs, antifungal drugs, antiviral, interferon and biopharmaceuticals. Mode of action, production and synthesis of antimicrobials. Antimicrobial assays. Genetic basis and mechanism of antimicrobial resistance. Spoilage and preservation of pharmaceutical products. Microbiological evaluation of raw materials and Non-sterile products.

 

MIC 416: Quality Control                                                                               (2 units)

Scope of quality control programmes. Determination of quality parameters and methods of assessment. Quality assurance strategies in Microbiological laboratories i.e. culture media, equipment and control strains. Quality assurance practices in medicare, forensic and manufacturing industries Statistical quality control of microbiological processes.  Development and application of control charts.

 

MIC 424: Microbial Biotechnology                                                              (2 units)

Bacteria and yeast as tools for molecular biology. Gene cloning; cloning vectors; restriction endonucleases, DNA polymerases and ligases, estimating appropriate DNA concentrations for successful ligation. Methods for detection of clones; hybridisation methods, plaque hybridisation, DNA-DNA hybridisation, colony hybridisation, antibody screening methods. DNA sequencing, enzymatic and chemical methods of DNA sequence analysis. DNA shotgun. PCR: thermal cycling profile for standard PCR, guide to successful PCR, types of PCR. Southern blotting, Northern blotting, Western blotting. DNA extraction, denaturation, neutralization, pre-hybridisation, stringent and not stringent washing. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), Pulsed Field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Metagenomics and its applications. Benefits of microbial biotechnology to industries, medicine and environment.

 

MIC 425: Seminar                                                                                    (2 units)    

Selected topics from different areas of Microbiology.

 

MIC 426: Research Project                                                                             (4 units)

A research project and dissertation to be undertaken on any topic of microbiological interest.