Geosciences Propectus

FIVE YEAR BS.c (Hons.) GEOPHYSICS PRGRAMME

GEOPHYSICS

COURSES AT 100 LEVEL

1st Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

 

Units

FSC 111

Introductory Biology         

C

3

FSC 112

Introductory Chemistry I

C

3

FSC 113

Introductory Computer Science

C

3

FSC 114

Introductory Mathematics

C

3

FSC 115

Introductory Physics I       

C

3

GST 102

Culture and Civilization

C

2

GST 105

Use of English

C

2

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

19

Total Units of Elective Courses

0

 

 

2nd Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

PHS 123

Introductory Practical Physics

C

2

GLY 121

Introduction to Geology

C

2

GPS 121

Introduction to  Geophysics      

C

2

PHS 121

Introductory Physics II

C

3

PHS 122

Introductory Physics III

C

3

MAT 121

Algebra and Coordinate Geometry

C

3

MAT 122

Calculus

C

3

GST 103

Nigerian people and culture

C

2

MAT 123

Mechanics

E

3

STA 121

Statistics for Scientists

E

3

CHM 121

Introductory Chemistry II

E

3

Total Units of Compulsory Courses:

20

Total Units of Elective Courses: 

9

COURSES AT 200 LEVEL

1st Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

PHS 211

Classical Mechanics I

C

2

PHS 213

Electricity and Magnetism

C

2

MAT 213

Mathematical Methods I

C

3

GST 201

General African Studies I

C

2

GLY 211

Introduction to Geological Map Interpretation

C

2

GLY 212

Igneous & Metamorphic petrology

C

2

GLY 213

Introduction to Geological field mapping

C

2

SVY 217

Basic Environmental Surveying I

C

2

CSC 212

Introduction to Computer Programming

C

3

Total Units of Compulsory Courses:

20

Total Units of Elective Courses:

0

 

 

2nd Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

PHS 224

Optics

C

2

MAT 223

Mathematical Methods II

C

3

GST 202

General African Studies II

C

2

CSC 225

Introduction to Computation Method

C

3

GLY 222

Mineral Resources and Environmental Geology

C

2

GLY 223

Crystallography and Systematic Mineralogy

C

2

GLY 224

Physical Geology

C

2

CSC 224

Introduction to Data Structure

E

3

SVY 227

Basic Environmental Surveying II

E

2

STA 221

Distribution Theory

E

3

Total Units of Compulsory Courses:

16

Total Units of Elective Courses:

8

COURSES AT 300 LEVEL

 

1st Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

GPS 311

Gravity Method in Prospecting

C

2

GPS 312

Electrical Method in prospecting

C

2

GPS 313

Applied Mathematics in Geophysics

C

2

GLY 311

Sedimentology and sedimentary petrology

C

2

GLY 313

Structural Geology

C

3

GLY 315

Geological Map Interpretation

C

2

FSC 311

History and Philosophy of Science 

C

2

FRE 135

Ancillary French I

C

1

GST 307        

Entrepreneurship and Corporate Governance

C

2

PHS 313

Electrodynamics  I

E

2

GLY 316

Introduction to Oceanography         

E

2

STA 321

Statistical Inferences

E

3

MAT 311

Complex Analysis 1

E

3

Total Units of Compulsory Courses:

18

Total Units of Elective Courses:

10

2nd Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

GPS 321

Magnetic method in Prospecting

C

2

GPS 322

Seismic Refraction Method in Prospecting    

C

2

GPS 323

Electromagnetic Methods in Prospecting

C

2

GPS 324

Geothermal Exploration

C

2

GPS 325

Introduction to Earthquake Seismology 

C

2

GLY 322

Sedimentary Depositional environment and Basins of Africa

C

2

GLY 323

Photogeology and Remote Sensing

C

2

GLY 326

Plate Tectonics

C

2

FRE 146

Ancillary French II

C

1

GPS 326

Energy and Environment

E

2

GPS 327

Physics of the Earth           

E

2

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

17

Total Units of Elective Courses:

4

COURSES AT 400 LEVEL

1st Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

GPS 411

Geophysical Logging and Borehole Investigation

C

2

GPS 412

Field Techniques

C

4

GPS 413

Telluric and Magnetotelluric Method

C

2

GPS 414

Seismic Reflection Method in Prospecting    

C

2

GLY 411

Petroleum Geology             

C

3

GLY 413

Hydrogeology

C

2

GLY 416

Principles of Stratigraphy

C

2

GPS 415

Ground Penetrating Radar

E

2

GPS 416

Forensic Geophysics

E

2

GLY 412

Marine Geology

E

2

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

17

Total Units of Elective Courses:

6

2nd Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

SIW 400

Industrial Work Experience              

C

6

Total Units of Compulsory Courses:

6

Total Units of Elective Courses

 

COURSES AT 500 LEVEL

1st Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

GPS 511

Seminar

C

2

GPS 512

Engineering Geophysics

C

2

GLY 512

Economic Geology

C

2

GLY 513

Geology of Nigeria

C

2

GPS 513

Groundwater/Environmental Geophysics

E

2

GPS 514

NMR Logging     

E

2

GPS 515

Geo-hazards in Engineering Geology             

E

2

GPS 516

Geographic Information Systems    

E

2

GPS 517

Biogeophysics

E

2

GLY 514

Geological Data Management

E

2

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

8

Total Units of Elective Courses

12

 

2nd Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

 

Units

GPS 521

Project                  

C

4

GLY 522

Engineering Geology

C

2

GLY 523

Exploration and Mining Geology

E

3

GPS 523

Applications of Satellite Remote Sensing

E

2

GPS 524

 Radioactive methods of exploration

E

3

GPS 525

Modern Geophysics in Engineering Geology

E

2

GPS 526

Mathematical Modelling of Groundwater Systems

E

2

GPS 527

Agricultural Geophysics

E

2

GPS 528

4D Seismic Reflection

E

2

GLY 526

Seismic Stratigraphic Interpretation

E

2

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

6

Total Units of Elective Courses

15

                                              SYNOPSIS OF COURSES

            GEOPHYSICS PROGRAMME

            GPS 121:     Introduction to Geophysics                                      (2 Units)

Definition of Applied and Environmental Geophysics. Geophysical methods, matching geophysical methods to applications, planning a geophysical survey-general philosophy, planning strategy, survey constraints. Geophysical survey design- target identification, optimum line configuration, selection of station intervals, noise, data analysis, problem of ambiguity in geophysical interpretation. History of seismic explorations and activities.

 

            GPS 311          Gravity Prospecting Methods                                         (2 Units)

            Theory of attraction and potential with applications to simple mass distributions. Newton’s law of gravitation. Acceleration of gravity. Gravitational potential. Potential field equations. Derivative of the potential. Gravity of the earth. The reference spheroid.  The geoid. Density of rocks and minerals.  Instruments and data acquisitions. Gravity data reduction. Regional, residual anomaly separation. Interpretation of gravity anomalies.  Depth and total mass estimates. Applications of gravity method in hydrocarbon, mineral exploration, groundwater and geologic mapping.

Prerequisite GPS 121

            GPS 312: Electrical Method in Prospecting                                  (2 Units)

Electrical resistivities of rocks and minerals. Elementary theory: potentials in homogeneous media, single current source at depth, single current source at earth’s surface, Laplace’s equation. Apparent resistivity. Description of electrode arrays. Depth of investigation and noise in electrical survey. Field procedure-resistivity profiling and depth sounding technique. Interpretation methods-qualitative, semi quantitative and quantitative (Analytical and Direct methods). Computer assisted interpretation techniques. Application of the electrical resistivity methods.

Prerequisite GPS 121

            GPS 313: Applied Mathematics in Geophysics                                (2 Units)

Prerequisites: PHS 101, PHS 102, MAT 102 or A.L. Physics (Attempt)

The course bridges the gap between skills acquired in mathematical courses and skills required in advanced geophysical courses. Moreover, it links both to the physical phenomena they represent and their importance in geophysical applications. The course reviews mathematical topics such as Differential Equations, Multiple Integration, and Partial Differentiation. Matrices. Complex Analysis. Numerical and harmonic analysis. Orthogonal function expansions. The Dirac delta function. Fourier series and integral. Fourier and Laplace transforms; applications. Eigenvalue problems. Calculation of residues and application of evaluation of integrals and summation of series; applications.

            GPS 314:         Applied Geophysics I                                       (3 Units)

            Classification of geophysical methods. Introduction to gravity and magnetic methods. Gravity and magnetic data acquisition, data reduction and interpretation. Electrical mathods of geophysical prospecting. Electrical properties of rocks. Concepts of electrical potential, current density and conductivity of rocks. Potential distribution in a homogenous earth and apparent resistivity. Electrical resistivity data acquisition, processing and interpretation. (This course is for Geology Students only).

Prerequisite GPS 121

            GPS 321          Magnetic  Method in Prospecting                                  (2 Units)

            Earth’s magnetic field. Magnetic properties of rocks and minerals. Remanence. Susceptibilities of rocks and minerals. Basic theory of the magnetic  method. The dipole field. Poisson,s relation. The main field of the earth. Diurnal variations. Magnetic storm. Geological effects. Instrumentation and Field procedure. Ground magnetic survey. Air-borne magnetic surveys. Reduction of magnetic data. Anomaly separation and Interpretation. Applications of magnetic method in hydrocarbon exploration and geologic mapping.

Prerequisite GPS 121

 

            GPS 322:  Seismic Refraction Method in Prospecting                             (2 Units)

Basic theory of the seismic method. Elastic properties of rocks. Huygen’s princinple and ray path. Snell’s law. Propagation of seismic waves in a homogeneous medium. Factors affectinf seismic velocities. Types of seismic waves emitted by seismic disturbance. Refraction fundamentals. Horizontal and multilayer refraction. Single dipping interface refraction profile. Femat principle (least time). Statics. The single refractor case. Field techniques. Processing and interpretation of seismic refraction data. Application of the seismic refraction method. Introduction, advantages and disadvantages of seismic methods, elastic waves, types of seismic waves, wave propagation, interaction with boundaries, Snell’s law, velocities and rock properties, refraction basics, equipment, survey procedure, processing and interpretation, applications and case histories.

Prerequisite GPS 121

            GPS 323: Electromagnetic  Method  in Prospecting                            (3 Units)

Classification of electromagnetic (EM) methods. Electromagnetic theory. Description of EM fields- Biot-Savart law, straight line wire, rectangular loop, circular loop, vertical wire.  Combination of EM fields- phase difference,Elliptic polarization, mutual inductance. EM measurements- polarization ellipse, intensity measurement, dip angle measurements, measurement of phase components. Airborne EM survey. EM field procedures, data processing and interpretation.application of EM methods. Turam method. Moving source and receiver methods. Transient methods. Magnetotelluric methods. Application of electromagnetic methods of resolving geological problems. Ground penetrating Radar – Principles and survey techniques, applications and case histories. Field demonstration.

Prerequisite GPS 313

 

            GPS 324:  Geothermal Exploration                                                    (2 Units)

Origin and nature of heat flow the earth. Heat transfer. Thermal properties of rocks. Conduction and convection of heat. Thermal field of the earth. Probale variation of temperature with depth. Maps of heat flow. The thermal field near the earth’s surface. Instrumentation. Field procedure, data processing and interpretation. Geothermal systems and their characteristics.  Search for and evaluation of geothermal energy. Contact-free temperature measurements. Identification and delineation of geothermal reservoirs.  Application of heat flow measurements.  Description of known geothermal fields.

            GPS 325:         Introduction to Earthquake Seismology                        (2 Units)

Causes and effects of earthquakes; parameters of seismic foci determinable from seismographic records; earthquake prediction and cursors, seismic geography and structure of the earth inferred from seismic data. Laboratory exercises with problems of record interpretation.

Prerequisite GPS 121

 

           GPS 326: Energy and Environment                                                        (2 Units)

Concepts of energy and human development.  Overview of world and local energy scene.  Energy: types; generation; distribution; conventional and non-conventional.  Alternative energy: need, categorization of sources.  Sun as a primary source: solar geometry; solar resource assessment and distribution; solar irradiance wind energy.  Bio mass/Biogas.  Geothermal . Fuel cells. Human environment: Human body, heat and mass transfer Energy. budget equation; survival in hot and cold climates.  Built environment: thermal regulation, energy use, air regulation.  Urban environment; energy generation and transmission.  Pollution: water, air, noise, smog and acid rain.  Environmental issues for the 21st century.

 

            GPS 327: Physics of the Earth                                                             (2 units)

Origin of the solar system and of the Earth.  the Earth’s interior. Seismicity and earthquake zones; the nature of the gravitational field of the earth. The measurement of gravity and the figure of the earth. The Earth’s magnetic field. Rock magnetism. Paleomagnetism. Heat flow of the earth and Geothermometry. Isostacy and shape of the earth. Polar wandering, continental drift and seafloor spreading.

            GPS 411: Geophysical Logging and Borehole Investigation                (3 Units)

General concept of borehole geophysics. Fluid invasion. Electrical methods ( resistivity logging, Sp Logging, Dipmeter, Induction Logging, IP logging), Radioactivity methods (Gamma-ray logging, density logging neutron logging), elastic wave propagation method (sonic logging), magnetic, gravity, caliper, geothermal loggings. Determination of pay, water and hydrocarbon saturation. Interpretation of logs. Application of geophysical logging in oil and mining geology.

Prerequisite GPS 322and 325

                       

            SIW 400: Industrial Work Experience                                             (6 Units)

Industrial attachment in various geological/geophysical exploration companies for a minimum period of six months during the second semester of year four. Students are to submit the report of the 6 months activities followed by seminar presentation.

 

            GPS 412: Field Techniques                                                                             (4 Units)

An independent geological and geophysical field studies exercise lasting 4-8 weeks during the vacation break at the end of the second semester of 300 levels. A detailed report of this exercise shall be written and submitted after the exercise followed by seminar presentation at the specified time.

            GPS 413: Telluric and Magnetotelluric methods                                   (2 Units)

Origin and characteristics of Telluric and magnetotelluric fields of the earth. Elementary EM theory, attenuation of EM signals, boundary conditions, control source methods, field equipment and procedures. Data processing and interpretation. Application of telluric and magnetotelluric methods.

Prerequisite GPS 323

 

           GPS 414: Seismic Reflection Method  in Prospecting                               (3 Units)

Propagation of seismic waves. Emergence angles. Elementary concepts of the reflection problem. Analytical treatment of elementary seismic reflection problems. Elastic properties of rocks.  Time–depth charts.  Velocity determination from seismic reflection data. Reflection from a dipping interface. Determination of depth to interface from reflection data. Characteristics of seismic events: NMO, DMO, multiples, types of seismic noise. Attenuation of seismic noise. Field methods and equipment for land survey. Marine equipment and methods. Elements of seismic data processing – migration, deconvolution, and z transform, etc.  Introduction to vertical seismic profiling and seismic stratigraphy. Interpretation of modern sismic reflection data. Some direct seismic signals in hydrocarbon search (e.g. velocity sag. Vp/Vs ratio, Bright and flat spots).  Use of seismic methods in oil and ore prospecting, environmental, engineering and groundwater investigations.

Prerequisite GPS 304

            GPS 415: Ground Penetration Radar                                    (2 Units)

 

Introduction and basic principles, GPR equipment, GPR data collection, field procedures and techniques, data processing, frequency and depth of investigation, physical properties, EM wave properties GPR instrumentation, modeling of GPR responses, survey design, data processing, interpretation concepts and pitfalls, case histories.

            GPS 416: Forensic Geophysics

Principles and practice of forensic geophysics, forensic capabilities of geophysics, methods and equipment, forensic surveys, forensic data analysis, UXO applications of forensic geophysics, utility of forensic geophysics in the search for caches, Clandestine Labs, Drug Plantations, Known homemade explosive users, Grave Sites, Subsurface Voids, Clandestine Burials, General Crime Scene. Simulation of forensic investigation, case histories. 

 

            GPS 511: Seminar                                                                             (2 Units)

Literature study, write-up and oral presentation by individual student of materials selected from any aspect of geophysics. (Candidate shall not have more than 6units of outstanding courses in the second semester to qualify for this course).

     

            GPS 512: Engineering Geophysics                                                      (2 Units)

Review of near-surface Geophysical methods. Application of geophyiscs in civil engineering site investigations: Foundation problems in buildings, hydraulic structures, highway/ runway/railway, oil pipeline routes, Dam site investigations etc. Location of construction materials. Investigation of integrity of existing engineering structures (e.g earth embankment), geophysical investigations for spread footing and pile foundations. Scope and limitation of engineering geophysics in site investigation. Determination of soil/Bedrock engineering characteristics – nature of soil/bedrock, soil corrosively, depth to bedrock (or overburden thickness), formation parameters (porosity, permeability, etc.), dynamic elastic constants, Rock quality Designation (RQ and fracture frequency (FF), bedrock structural disposition.  Location of disused mine shafts, buried cables, land mines, capsized submarines/ships, etc.  Case Histories

            GPS 513: Groundwater/ Environmental Geophysics                               (2 Units)

Objectives and scope of environmental geophysics. Geophysical methods applied in environmental study. Determination of soil corrosivity, overburden protection capacity, hydraulic conductivity, coefficient of anisotropy and their uses in soil characterization and aquifer protection; mapping of leachate and chemical pollution plumes, mapping of saline water zones and delineation of fresh/saline water interface. Monitoring of remediation processes and evaluation of hazardous wastes. Geophysical methods applied in groundwater exploration. Aquifer determination in basement complex and sedimentary areas. Mapping of geological structures favourable to groundwater accumulation. Determination of aquifer characteristics. Borehole location strategy. Case histories.

            GPS 514 : NMR Logging                                                                      (1 Unit)

NMR logging- Principles and applications, summary of NMR logging applications and benefits, NMR physics. Fundamentals of NMR Petrophysics and hydrocarbon typing, MRIL tool principles and Stand-alone analysis

 

            GPS 515: Geohazards in Engineering Geology                             (2 Units)

Coastal and fluvial geohazards, volcanic and seismic geohazards, slope stability hazards, hazard mapping. Geohazards associated with underground subsidence and cavity, urban geohazards in developing countries. Geohazards associated with contaminated land.

GPS 516: Geographic Information Systems                                   (2 Units)

An introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and their applications to all areas of geophysics, geology and geological engineering. Lecture topics include: principles of GIS, data structures, digital elevation models, data input and verification, data analysis and spatial modeling, data quality and error propagation, methods of GIS projects, as well as video presentations. GIS-based analysis of fluid migration in sedimentary basins, use of GIS in Hydrocarbon resource assessment and opportunity analysis etc, supporting roles and applications.

            GPS 517: Biogeophysics                                                                   (2 Units)

Principles and concept of biogeophysics, physical interactions in biogeosystems and dynamic subsurface microbial processes, Soil, chemistry, biology and environmental physics, microbial induced alterations to geologic materials and their geophysical signatures, microbe-mineral interactions, source mechanisms of microbially induced geophysical signatures, Measurement and modeling of processes in terrestrial ecosystems, case histories.

 

            GPS 518:         Applied Geophysics     II                                             (3 Units)

Induced polarization method. Electromagnetic method. Classification of electromagnetic methods. Exploration seismology. Reflection and refraction seismic. Basic theories. Field procedures, data acquisition, processing and interpretation. Radiometric and Well-logging techniques. Application of various methods to mineral – mineral, petroleum and water exploration. Instruments, miniature surveys and data analysis.(This course is for Geology Students only).

Prerequisite GPS 314

            GPS 521:         Project                                                                                  (6 Units)

An independent research project in any of the fields of Applied Geophysics selected on the basis of student interest and supervised by staff assigned during the final year of study. The subject must be related to any aspect of applied geophysics.

(Candidate shall not have more than 6units of outstanding courses in the second semester to qualify for this course).

            GPS 523:  Applications of Satellite Remote Sensing                              (2 Units)

Students are introduced to geosciences applications of satellite remote sensing. Introductory lectures provide background on satellites, sensors, methodology, and diverse applications. One or more areas of application are presented from a systems perspective. Guest lecturers from academia, industry, and government agencies present case studies focusing on applications, which vary from semester to semester. Students do independent term projects, under the supervision of a faculty member or guest lecturer, that are presented both written and orally at the end of the term.

           

            GPS 524: Radioactivity method of Prospecting                             (2 Units)

Constituents of the nucleus. Principle of radioactivity. The electron: discovery; properties. Atomic structure. X-ray spectra. Mass spectra. Structure of the nucleus: nomenclature; binding energy; stability. Radioactivity, discovery, properties, radioactive series. Accelerators. Detectors.Nuclear disintegrations. Radioactive decay processes. Radioactivity units. Radiometric exploration methods. Radioactivity of the earth’s crust. Physical basis of gamma-ray method.airborne, carborne and ground gamma-ray surveys. Radiometric assaying. Radiometric method in exploration of radioactive and non radioactive minerals. Gamma-ray measuring instruments. Calibration of measuring instruments. Field operations and interpretations. 

Prerequisite: PHS 122

 

            GPS 525:         Modern Geophysics in Engineering Geology                           (2 Units)

Introduction, setting the standard for geophysical survey in site investigation. Standards and practice, site investigation- dam wall foundation studies, mining and karstic environment, civil engineering works, underground pipe work, coastal site investigation, use of geophysics in design and construction of airport. Rockmass assessment, Laboratory studies. Advances in the seismic refraction method.

            GPS 526:  Mathematical Modeling of Groundwater Systems      (2 Units)

Lectures, assigned readings, and direct computer experience concerning the fundamentals and applications of analytical and finite-difference solutions to ground water flow problems as well as an introduction to inverse modeling. Design of computer models to solve ground water problems.

 

            GPS 527:  Agricultural Geophysics

Introduction to agricultural geophysics, development, chronology, investigation scale, geophysical methods applicable to agriculture, soil properties used to determine a field’s productivity aspects of agricultural geophysics data collection and analysis, potential agricultural uses for geophysical methods, agricultural geophysics measurements and methods, integration of global positioning system (GPS) and geographic information system (GIS) with agricultural geophysics. Case histories

            GPS 528:  Time Lapse (4D) Seismic

The Principle of Time Lapse (4D) Seismic, evolution of 4D seismic, Physics of Time Lapse (4D) Seismic, 4D Survey Planning and Design and processing techniques, Guidelines for applying 4D seismic, time-lapse difference dataset, analysis and interpretation of repeated seismic surveys, reservoir monitoring and management, case histories

FIVE YEAR B.Sc. (Hons.) GEOLOGY PROGRAMME

LIST OF AVAILABLE COURSES AT 100 LEVEL

1st Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

FSC 111

Introductory Biology         

C

3

FSC 112

Introductory Chemistry I

C

3

FSC 113

Introductory Computer Science

C

3

FSC 114

Introductory Mathematics

C

3

FSC 115

Introductory Physics I       

C

3

GST 102

Culture and Civilization

C

2

GST 105

Use of English I

C

2

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

19

Total Units of Elective Courses

0

 

 

2nd Semester

 

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

 

Units

GLY 121

Introduction to Geology

C

2

PHS 122

Introductory Physics III

C

3

PHS 123

Introductory Practical Physics

C

2

GPS 121

Introduction to Geophysics

C

2

PHS 121

Introductory Physics II

C

3

MAT 122

Calculus

C

3

CHM 121

Introductory Chemistry II

C

3

GST 103

Nigerian people and culture

C

2

MAT 123

Mechanics

E

3

STA 121

Statistics for Scientists

E

3

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

20

Total Units of Elective Courses

6

LIST OF AVAILABLE COURSES AT 200 LEVEL

1st Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

CHM 211

Basic Inorganic Chemistry I

C

2

CHM 212

Basic Physical Chemistry I

C

2

MAT 213

Mathematical Methods I

C

3

GST 201

General African Studies

C

2

GLY 211

Introduction to Geological Map Interpretation

C

2

GLY 212

Igneous & Metamorphic petrology

C

2

GLY 213

Introduction to Geological field mapping

C

2

SVY 217

Basic Environmental Surveying I

C

2

CSC 212

Introduction to Computer Programming

C

3

CHM 213

Basic Organic Chemistry I

E

2

PHS 211

Classical Mechanics I

E

2

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

20

Total Units of Elective Courses

4

 

 

2nd Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

CHM 222

Basic Physical Chemistry II

C

2

GST 202

General African Studies II

C

2

GLY 221

Macropaleontology

C

3

GLY 222

Mineral Resources and Environmental Geology

C

2

GLY 223

Crystallography and  Systematic Mineralogy

C

2

GLY 224

Physical Geology

C

2

CHM 223

Basic Organic Chemistry II

E

2

GPS 222

Physics for Geologists

E

2

PHS 227

Optics

E

2

SVY 227

Basic Environmental Surveying II

E

2

STA 221

Distribution Theory

E

 3

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

13

Total Units of Elective Courses

11

LIST OF AVAILABLE COURSES AT 300 LEVEL

1st Semester

New Course  Code

Course Title

Status

Units

GLY 311

Sedimentology and Sedimentary Petrology

C

2

GLY 312

Igneous Petrology               

C

2

GLY 313

Structural Geology

C

3

GLY 314

Optical and Determinative Mineralogy

C

2

GLY 315

Geological Map Interpretation

C

2

GPS 314

Applied Geophysics I

C

3

FSC 311

History and Philosophy of Science 

C

2

FRE 135

Ancillary French I

C

2

GST 307        

Entrepreneurship and Corporate Governance

C

2

GLY 316

Introduction to Oceanography         

E

2

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

20

Total Units of Elective Courses

2

2nd Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

GLY 321

Metamorphic Petrology     

C

2

GLY 322

Sedimentary Depositional environment and Basins of Africa

C

2

GLY 323

Photogeology and Remote Sensing

C

2

GLY 324

Geochemistry      

C

2

GLY 325

Micropalentology

C

2

GLY 326

Plate Tectonics

C

2

FRE 146

Ancillary French II

C

2

GPS 322

Seismic Refraction Method in Prospecting    

E

2

GPS 326

Energy and Environment

E

2

GPS 327

Physics of the Earth           

E

2

GRY 328

Ecosystem  in the natural environment

E

3

CEG 323

Soil Mechanics

E

3

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

14

Total Units of Elective Courses

12

LIST OF AVAILABLE COURSES AT 400 LEVEL

1st Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

GLY 411

Petroleum Geology             

C

3

GLY 412

Marine Geology

C

2

GLY 413

Hydrogeology

C

2

GLY 414

Independent Field Mapping             

C

4

GLY 415

Precambrian Geology of Africa and Geochronology

C

2

GLY 416

Principles of Stratigraphy

C

2

GPS 411

Geophysical Logging and Borehole Investigation

E

2

GPS 414

Seismic Reflection Method in Prospecting

E

3

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

15

Total Units of Elective Courses

5

 

 

2nd Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

SIW 400

Industrial Work Experience              

C

6

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

6

Total Units of Elective Courses

 

Note: the fieldwork of GLY 414 will be done at the end of second semester 300 level

LIST OF AVAILABLE COURSES AT 500 LEVEL

1st Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

GLY 511

Seminar

C

2

GLY 512

Economic Geology

C

2

GLY 513

Geology of Nigeria

C

2

GPS 518

Applied Geophysics   II

C

2

GLY 514

Geological Data Management

E

2

GPS 515

Geo-hazards in Engineering Geology             

E

2

GPS 516

 Geographic Information Systems  

E

2

GRY 430

Advanced Geographical Information System

E

3

GPS 517

Geothermal Exploration

E

2

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

8

Total Units of Elective Courses

11

2nd Semester

New Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

GLY 521

Project                  

C

4

GLY 522

Engineering Geology

C

2

GLY 523

Exploration and Mining Geology

C

3

GLY 524

Earth Dynamics and Geomorphology

E

2

GPS 523

Applications of Satellite Remote Sensing

E

2

GPS 524

 Radioactive methods of exploration

E

3

GPS 525

Modern Geophysics in Engineering Geology

E

2

GPS 526

Mathematical Modelling of Groundwater Systems

E

2

GLY 525

Applied Geochemistry       

E

2

GLY 526

Seismic Stratigraphic Interpretation

E

2

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

9

Total Units of Elective Courses

15

SYNOPSES OF COURSES

            

            GEOLOGY PROGRAMME

 

            GLY 121: Introduction to Geology                                             (2 Units)

Definition of Geology and its branches. Structure of the earth and solar system. History of the Earth (origin). Formation of the crust, hydrosphere and biosphere. Classification, properties and description of major minerals, rock types and occurrence of economic minerals. Theory of evolution of organism. Distribution and classification of major fossil groups and their occurrence and uses. Introduction to the basic principles and concept of historical geology and stratigraphy. The Geological time scale.

            GLY 211: Introduction to Geological Map Interpretation                  (2 Units)

Descriptions of features of topographical maps, map scales and direction; Description of simple geological features (beds and bedding plane, folds, faults and unconformities); Interpretation of simple geological maps (horizontal beds, inclined beds, folded beds, faults and outcrop completion.

 

            GLY 212: Igneous and Metamorphi Petrology                                  (2 Units)

Mineralogy, texture, characteristic feature and environments of occurrence of common igneous and metamorphic rocks. Emphasis in this course is on petrographic description and rock identification.

 

            GLY 213: Introduction to Geological Field Mapping                          (2 Units)

Structural observations on nearby outcrops. Practical introduction to basic field mapping techniques, field equipment and correct recording of geological features and information. Campus and township mapping exercise (The course is to be taken during first semester break).

 

            GLY 221: Macropaleontology                                                              (3 Units)

Detailed study of the morphology, taxonomy, paleoecology and stratigraphic distribution and evolutionary trends of the major invertebrate phyla. Theories of evolution and the fossil record. Extinction of organisms and its causes.

            GLY 222: Mineral Resources and Environmental Geology                    (2 Units)

Metallic and non-metallic mineral resources – their composition, distribution and utilization. Fossil fuels; surface and underground water hydrology. Pollution and its sources, hazards and control. Prediction and control of geological hazards.

 

            GLY 223: Crystallography and Systematic Mineralogy                          (2 Units)

Crystals and their characteristics; crystallographic notations. Crystal structure and crystal. Elements of symmetry and their thirty-two crystal classes. Concept of solid solution, ex-solution, atomic substitution, isomorphism and polymorphism in minerals. Physical and chemical properties of minerals. Laboratory exercises on the above topics.

            GLY 224: Physical Geology                                                                (2 Units)

Planet Earth: its compositions from core to crust. Minerals and Rocks; Weathering and erosion transportation and deposition by running water, wind and ice. Surface processes and landform, major earth structures. Internal earth processes.  Practical identification of common rock-forming minerals and rocks.

            GLY 311:Sedimentology and Sedimentary Petrology                         (3  Units)

            Sources, transportation and deposition of sediments. Classification of sedimentary           rocks. Texture and grain size distribution of sedimentary particles. Diagenesis and   lithification, porosity and permeability, sedimentary structures; heavy minerals in     sediments. Description and interpretation of ancient sediments. Laboratory             practicals on the various topics.

 

            GLY 312 Igneous Petrology                                             (2 Units)

Igneous activity, magma and magma generation. Classification of igneous rocks. Rock associations. Mafic and ultramafic rocks. Layered complexes. Granites, their classification and petrogenesis. Older and younger granites of Nigeria. Basalts – their classification and petrogenesis. Alkalic volcanic rocks. Laboratory study of hand specimens and thin sections of igneous rocks.

            Prerequisite GLY 212

 

            GLY 313: Structural Geology                                                               (2 Units)

Mechanics of deformation: force, stress, strain, rock properties and environmental factors affecting deformation. Origin and classification of joints, faults and folds, salt and shale structures, cleavage, lineation and other minor structures and their interpretation. Techniques of structural analysis – stereographic, equal area projection and rosette diagrams.

            GLY314: Optical and Determinative Mineralogy                                 (2 Units)

The main morphological properties and classification and mode of occurrence of rock-forming minerals and industrial uses. Principles of optics and crystallography, optical properties of the common rock forming minerals.  Laboratory exercises in the determination of  optical properties of rock forming and accessory minerals.

Prerequisite GLY 212

            GLY 315: Geological Map Interpretation                                              (2 Units)

Study and interpretation of published geological maps. Relationships among outcrop width, thickness of formation and angle of dip. Drawing of structural and isopach map.

            Prerequisite:GLY 211

 

            GLY 316: Introduction to Oceanography                                              (2 Units)

Origin, chemistry, water circulation, shoreline and deep water characteristics of oceans; its role in evolution and history of earth; marine life and its ecology.

 

            GLY 321:Metamorphic Petrology                                       (3  Units)      

Concept of metamorphism. Physical and chemical factors in metamorphism. Metamorphic processes and textures of metamorphic rocks. Kinds of metamorphism; general characteristics of regional and contact metamorphism, facies concepts and the facies of regional (dynamo-thermal) metamorphism. Metamorphism of carbonate rocks. Classification of metamorphic rocks. Migmatisation and granitisation. Charnockite as metamorphic and igneous rocks. Laboratory studies of hand specimen and thin section of metamorphic rocks.

            Pre: GLY 212

 

       GLY 322: Sedimentary Depositional Environments And Basins of Africa    ( 2Units)

Physical, chemical and biological influence on marine and continental depositional environments and their sedimentation patterns. Analysis of African sedimentary basins.

            Prerequisite GLY 311

 

            GLY 323: Photogeology And Remote Sensing                                     (3 Units)

Elementary photogrammetry. Types of aerial photographs. Stereoscopic vision and stereoscopic photographic lithological interpretation of sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks. Stratigraphic interpretation: attitude of bed, folds, fault, joints, cleavage and foliation. The use of photogeology in mineral exploration: structural, lithologic physiographic and botanical guides. Elementary interpretation of landsat and radar imageries.

Prerequisite GLY 211

            GLY 324: Geochemistry                                                       (2 Units)

Introduction to the basic principles of geochemistry, origin, structure and composition of the earth. Abundance, classification and distribution of elements in the cosmic systems and rocks. Introductory structural chemistry, chemical equilibrium involving topic in stable isotropic geochemistry and reactions in magmatism, metamorphism and sedimentation. Geochemical cycle and chemical weathering.

            Prerequisite  CHM 211

 

            GLY 325: Micropaleontology                                                 (2 Units)

            Morphology, classification and geological history of major microfossil groups- foraminifera, ostracods and palynomorphs. Principles of applied micropaleontology.

            Prerequisite GLY 223

 

            GLY 326: Plate Tectonics                                                     (2 Units)

The  structure of the continents and oceans, seismicity, isostacy, earth-quake zones, volcanic belts; orogeny and mountain belts. Continental drift, sea-floor spreading and gravitational gliding tectonics. The earth’s magnetic field and paleomagnetism, earth’s heat and internal temperature.

            GLY 411: Petroleum Geology                                                  (2 units)          

Origin and occurrence of petroleum. Physical properties and chemistry of petroleum. Source rocks: organic matter type and abundance, thermal maturity. Reservoir rocks; porosity and permeability. Traps and trapping mechanisms. Migration of petroleum, formation, evaluation; well-log interpretation, petroleum geology of Nigerian sedimentary basins. Preparation of quantitative contour-maps (structure contours, isopach e.t.c.) for petroleum exploration.

An independent geological investigation involving field, laboratory and library studies under the supervision/guidance of an academic member of staff in the Department.

            Prerequisite GLY 311                                                                

 

            GLY 412: Marine Geology                                                      (2  Units)

            Elements of physical, chemical and Physiography of the ocean basins. Basic oceanography and resources of the seas.Coastal geomorphology. The morphology of the open ocean. Distribution, formation and nature of marine sediments. The origin of ocean water. Marine mineral resources, beach erosion and coastal management. Marine life and its ecology.

            Prerequisite GLY 316

 

            GLY 413:Hydrogeology                                                                      (2 Units)

Origin of groundwater, the hydrologic cycle; subsurface water movement, aquifers and their hydrologic properties, artesian systems, springs. Physical and chemical properties of water; influence of water chemistry on use. Elementary theory of groundwater flow; Darcy’s law, porosity, permeability, hydraulic conductivity, flow net. Methods of groundwater exploration. Groundwater in sedimentary and crystalline rocks. Groundwater situation in Nigeria.

            GLY 414: Independent Field Mapping                                         (4 Units)

  Independent geological field mapping project involving a field study of specific areas. Production of the geological maps of such areas and detail reports for a period of four to six weeks.

Prerequisite GLY 211

            GLY 415: Precambrian Geology of Africa and Geochronology       (3 Units)          Highlights of Precambrian history. General features and characteristics of Precambrian terrains. Geology, structure and evolution of Africa. Precambrian domains.          Development of Phanerozoic interior and coastal basis of Africa. Precambrian geology of        Nigeria. Principles of geochronology, radiometric dating. Interpretation of radiometric     ages and problems

Prerequisite GLY 322

            GLY 416:Principles of Stratigraphy                                                   (2 Units)

Stratigraphic principles, concepts and procedures. Breaks in stratigraphic record. Facies and facies changes. Sedimentary strata and the Geological time scale. Stratigraphic classification and nomenclature. Sedimentary depositional environments. Principles of correlation. Description and interpretation of the stratigraphic records.

Prerequisite GLY 311

            SIW 400: Industrial Work Experience                                         (6 Units)

Industrial attachment in various geological/geophysical exploration companies during the second semester of year four.

 

            GLY 511: Seminar                                                                      (2 Units)

Literature study, write-up and oral presentation of a topic on any aspect of geology. Topics of importance in geology and allied fields are discussed in weekly seminars by staff and students. (Candidate shall not have more than 6units of outstanding courses in the second semester to qualify for this course).

            GLY 512: Economic Geology                                                      (3 Units)

The nature, occurrence, distribution, origin and classification of metallic and non-metallic mineral deposits. Regional and local structural controls. Relationships of mineral deposits to igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. The principles of chemical processes in the formation of sedimentary rocks and mineral deposits such as evaporites, iron formations and startiform sulphide deposits. Case studies in Nigeria.

Prerequisite GLY 312, GLY 324

 

           

            GLY 513: Geology of Nigeria                                                    (2 Units)

The outline of the geology of Nigeria. The basement complex. Composition and structural characteristics. Detailed geology of the Nigeria sedimentary basins, their classification, structural development and stratigraphy. Field study through excursion to major geological features and types of localities within the basement complex and sedimentary domain of Nigeria.

Prerequisite GLY 211

            GLY 514 : Geological Data Management                                           (2 Units)

Techniques for managing and analyzing geological data, including statistical analysis procedures and computer programming. Topics addressed include elementary probability, populations and distributions, estimation, hypothesis testing, analysis of data sequences, mapping, sampling and sample representativity, linear regression, and overview of univariate and multivariate statistical methods. Practical experience with principles of software programming and statistical analyses for geological applications via supplied software and data sets from geological case histories.

            GLY 521: Project                                                                           (4 Units)

An independent research project in any of the fields of Geology / Applied Geology selected on the basis of student interest and supervised by staff assigned during the final year of study and to run from the first semester to the end of the session. (Candidate shall not have more than 6units of outstanding courses in the second semester to qualify for this course).

 

            GLY 522: Engineering Geology                                                         (2 Units)

Basic soil and rock mechanics. Application of geology to engineering problems in structures, roads, bridges and dam investigation and construction. Rock as a construction material. Engineering geological maps.

Prerequisite MAT 122

 

            GLY 523: Exploration and Mining Geology                                     (3 Units)

Gathering and presenting Geological data. Exploration Geochemistry. Mineral exploration and mining methods. Drilling and recovery of samples. Mineral evaluation and mine development. Mines and mineral economics. Mining laws; mine taxation.

Prerequisite GLY 313, GLY 222

 

            GLY 524: Earth Dynamics and Geomorphology                                  (2 Units)

Description, origin and interpretation of landforms and their relationships to underlying structure and geologic history; processes acting on earth’s surface, including active tectonics; weather; mass-wasting; climate change; and fluvial, shoreline, and glacial processes

            GLY 525: Applied Geochemistry                                                     (2 Units)

            Application of geochemistry in mineral, oil and groundwater exploration. Environmental and public health geochemistry. Field and laboratory techniques – principles of trace element analysis. Statistical data analysis and case histories

            Prerequisite GLY 324

           

            GLY 526:  Seismic Stratigraphic Interpretation                                 (2 Units)

Introduction, sequence stratigraphy, time significance of reflections, depositional models, system tracts, seismic-facies analysis. Facies, sequences and depositional environments logs.