Chemistry prospectus

FOUR-YEAR DEGREE PROGRAMME

 

LIST OF AVAILABLE COURSES AT 100 LEVEL

 

1st Semester

Course Code – Old

Course Code – New

Course Title

Status

Units

FSC 101

FSC 111

Introductory Biology

C

3

FSC 102

FSC 112

Introductory Chemistry I

C

3

FSC 103

FSC 113

Introductory Computer Science

C

3

FSC 104

FSC 114

Introductory Mathematics

C

3

FSC 105

FSC 115

Introductory Physics I

C

3

GST 102

GST 102

Philosophy  & Logic

C

2

GST 101

GST105

Use of English

C

2

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

19

 

Other Available Elective Courses                                                                            0

 

2nd Semester

Course Code – Old

Course Code New

Course Title

Status

Units

CHM 101

CHM 121

Introductory Chemistry II

C

3

CHM 102

CHM 122

Experimental Chemistry I

C

2

PHS 101

PHS 121 

Introductory Physics II

C

3

PHS 103

PHS 123

Introductory Practical Physics

C

2

MAT 101

MAT 121

Algebra, Coordinate Geometry

C

3

MAT 102

MAT 122

Calculus

C

3

GST 103

GST103

Nigerian People and culture

C

2

CSC 100

CSC 120

Computer as a Problem Solving Tool

E

3

PHS 102

PHS 122

Introductory Physics III

E

3

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

18

 

Other Available Elective Courses                                                                            6

 

 

 

LIST OF AVAILABLE COURSES AT 200 LEVEL

 

1st Semester

Course Code – Old

Course Code –New

Course Title

Status

Units

CHM 201

CHM 211

Basic Inorganic Chemistry I

C

2

CHM 202

CHM 212

Basic Physical Chemistry I

C

2

CHM 203

CHM 217

Basic Organic Chemistry

C

3

CHM 204

CHM 214

Experimental Chemistry II

C

2

MAT 213

MAT 213

Pure Mathematics

C

2

PHS 206

PHS 216

Electronics

C

2

GST 201

GST 201

General African Studies

C

2

PHS 204

PHS 214

Modern Physics

C

2

FRE 187B

FRE 135

French for Science and Professional Students I

C

2

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

19

 

Other Available Elective Courses                                                                            0

 

2nd Semester

Course Code – Old

Course Code – New

Course Title

Status

Units

CHM 201

CHM 221

Basic Inorganic Chemistry II

C

2

CHM 202

CHM 222

Basic Physical Chemistry II

C

2

CHM205

CHM 223

Experimental Chemistry III

C

2

MAT 214

MAT 224

Pure Mathematics II

C

2

FRE 188B

FRE 146

French for Science and Professional Students II

C

2

CSC 207

CSC 227

Introduction to information Processing

E

3

MAT 104

STA121

Statistics for Scientists

E

3

GLY 101

GLY121

Introduction to Geology

E

2

MAT 212

STA 222

Statistical Methods

E

2

ZLY 203

ZLY 222

Man and the Environment

E

2

GLY 204

GLY  222

Mineral Resources and Environmental Geology

E

2

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

10

 

Other Available Elective Courses:                                                                          14

 

LIST OF AVAILABLE COURSES AT 300 LEVEL

 

1st Semester

 

Course Code – Old

Course Code –New

Course Title

Status

Units

CHM 301

CHM 311

Chemistry of Main Group Elements

C

2

CHM 313

CHM 312

Experimental Chemistry IV

C

2

CHM 314

CHM 313

Experimental Chemistry V

C

2

CHM 305

CHM 314

Applied Spectroscopy

C

2

CHM 306

CHM 315

Chemical Thermodynamics

C

2

CHM 303

CHM 316

Methods of Chemical Analysis

C

2

CHM 309

CHM 317

Atomic Spectroscopy

C

2

FSC 307

FSC 311

History & Philosophy of Science

C

2

GST 307

GST 307

Entrepreneurship and Corporate Governance

C

2

CHM 310

CHM 318

Heterocyclic Chemistry

E

2

CHM 311

CHM 319

Alicyclic/Stereochemistry

E

2

CHM 312

ICH 311

Industrial Chemistry

E

2

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

18

 

Other Available Elective Courses                                                                    6

 

2nd Semester

Course Code – Old

Course Code – New

Course Title

Status

Units

CHM 302

CHM 321

Transition Metal Chemistry

C

2

CHM 304

CHM 322

Organic Reactions

C

3

CHM 307

CHM 323

Chemical Kinetics

C

2

CHM 308

CHM 324

Electrochemistry

C

2

SIW 300

SIW 300

Industrial Training

C

3

MAT 207

MAT 223

Mathematical Methods II

E

3

GLY 309

GLY 324

Geochemistry

E

2

PHS 208

PHS 223

Introductory Astrophysics

E

2

MBF 306

MSF 322

Hydrobiology

E

3

MBF 206

MSB 222

Swimming and Safety Techniques

E

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

12

 

Other Available Elective Courses:                                                                  12

 

LIST OF AVAILABLE COURSES AT 400 LEVEL

 

1st Semester

Course Code – Old

Course Code – New

Course Title

Status

Units

CHM 401

CHM 411

Co-ordination Chemistry

C

3

CHM 402

CHM 412

Organic Synthetic Methods

C

3

CHM403

CHM 413

Organic Reaction Mechanism

C

3

CHM 404

CHM 414

Molecular Spectroscopy

C

3

CHM 413

CHM 415

Natural Products

E

2

CHM 408

CHM 416

Analytical Chemistry

E

2

CHM 417

CHM 417

Practical Chemistry for Education Students

E

2

CHM 410

ICH 411

Industrial Chemistry II

E

2

CHM 420

ICH  412

Brewing Science and Technology

E

3

CHM 418

ICH  413

Petroleum Refining Processes  

E

2

CHM 419

ICH 414

Polymer Chemistry and Rubber Technology    

E

3

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses:

12

 

Other Available Elective Courses:                                                                           14

 

2nd Semester

 

Course Code – Old

Course Code – New

Course Title

Status

Units

CHM 405

CHM 421

Research Project

C

5

CHM 406

CHM 422

Bioactive Organic Compounds

E

2

CHM 411

CHM 423

Protein & Carbohydrate Chemistry

E

2

CHM 414

CHM 424

Advanced Chemical Kinetics

E

2

CHM 415

CHM 425

Quantum Mechanics

E

2

CHM 406

CHM 426

Radiochemistry & Diffraction Methods

E

2

CHM 407

CHM 427

Organometallic Chemistry

E

2

CHM 416

CHM 428

Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry

E

2

CHM 409

CHM 429

Environmental Chemistry

E

2

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

         5

 

Other Available Elective Courses

        16

Summary of Units of Compulsory and Elective Courses

First Semester

Second Semester

Level

Units of Compulsory Courses

Units of Elective Courses

 

Units of Compulsory Courses

 

Units of Elective Courses

 

Total

100

19

 

18

 

 

200

19

 

10

 

 

300

18

 

12

 

 

400

12

 

5

 

 
  

 

 

 

 

Grand Total Units Compulsory= 68 + 45 =113

To graduate, a student must pass a minimum of

i.

128 units for a 4-year degree programme

ii.

96 units for a student on direct entry into a 4-year degree programme(82 Units of Conpulsory Courses which include all GST)

This minimum will include

i.

All University Requirements, GST 102, GST 103, GST 105, GST 201, GST 307 (10 units)

ii.

Faculty Requirements, FSC 111, FSC 112, FSC 113, FSC 114, FSC 115, FSC 311, FRE 135, FRE 146 (21 units)

iii

Departmental Requirement: All compulsory courses CHM121, CHM122, PHS121, PHS123, MAT121, MAT122, CHM221,CHM213, CHM214, MAT213, PHS216, CHM222, CHM223,  MAT254,CHM311, CHM316, CHM314, CHM316,CHM317, CHM312, CHM313, CHM321, CHM322, CHM323, SIW300, CHM324, CHM411, CHM412, CHM413, CHM414, CHM421.

iv.

Electives: Only from those listed and approved by the department PHS101,PHS204, CHM319, ICH311, CHM416, ICH411, CHM415, ICH413, ICH414, ICH412, CHM426, CHM427, CHM429, CHM423, CHM422, CHM428, CHM414, CHM424, CHM 325.

INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY

 

LIST OF AVAILABLE COURSES AT 100 LEVEL

 

1st Semester

Course Code – New

Course Code–New

Course Title

Status

Units

FSC 101

FSC 111

Introductory Biology

C

3

FSC 102

FSC 112

Introductory Chemistry I

C

3

FSC 103

FSC 113

Introductory. Computer Science

C

3

FSC 104

FSC 114

Introductory Mathematics

C

3

FSC 105

FSC 115

Introductory Physics I

C

3

GST 102

GST 102

Philosophy  & Logic

C

2

GST 101

GST105

Use of English

C

2

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

19

 

2nd Semester

Course Code – Old

Course Code–New

Course Title

Status

Units

CHM 101

CHM 121

Introductory Chemistry II

C

3

CHM 102

CHM 122

Experimental Chemistry I

C

2

PHS 101

PHS 121 

Introductory Physics II

C

3

PHS 103

PHS 123

Introductory Practical Physics

C

2

MAT 101

MAT 121

Algebra, Coordinate Geometry

C

3

MAT 102

MAT 122

Calculus

C

3

GST 103

GST103

Nigerian People and culture

C

2

CSC 100

CSC 120

Computer as a Problem Solving Tool

E

3

PHS 102

PHS 122

Introductory Physics III

E

3

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses:

18

 

Other Available Elective Courses:                                                                             

6

 

LIST OF AVAILABLE COURSES AT 200 LEVEL

 

1st Semester

Course Code-Old

Course Code-New

Course Title

Status

Units

CHM 201

CHM 211

Basic Inorganic Chemistry I

C

2

CHM 202

CHM 212

Basic Physical Chemistry I

C

2

CHM 203

CHM 213

Basic Organic Chemistry

C

3

CHM 204

CHM 214

Experimental Chemistry II

C

2

MAT 213

MAT 217

Pure Mathematics I

C

2

CHG 201

CHG 211

Transport Phenomenon I

C

2

CHG 203

CHG 213

Chemical Engineering Process Analysis I

C

2

GST 201

GST 201

General African Studies

C

2

FRE 187B

FRE 135

French for Science and Professional Students I

C

2

PHS 204

PHS 214

Modern Physics 1A

E

2

 

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

19

 

Total Units of Elective Courses

 2

 

2nd Semester

Course Code-Old

Course Code-New

Course Title

Status

Units

CHM 201

CHM 221

Basic Inorganic Chemistry II

C

2

CHM 202

CHM 222

Basic Physical Chemistry II

C

2

CHM205

CHM 223

Experimental Chemistry III

C

2

MAT 214

MAT 224

Pure Mathematics II      

C

2

CHG 204

CHG 224

Chemical Engineering Process Analysis II           

C

2

FRE 188B

FRE 146

French for Science and Professional Students II

C

2

CSC 207

CSC 227

Introduction to information Processing

E

3

MAT 104

STA 121

Statistics for Scientist

E

3

GLY 101

GLY121

Introduction to Geology

E

2

 

STA 222

Statistical Methods

E

2

GLY 204

GLY  222

Mineral Resources and Environmental Geology

E

2

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

12

 

Other Available Elective Courses                                                                           12

 

LIST OF AVAILABLE COURSES AT 300 LEVEL

 

1st Semester

Course Code-Old

Course Code-New 

Course Title

Status

Units

CHM 311

ICH 311

Industrial Chemistry I

C

2

CHM 313

CHM 312

Experimental Chemistry IV

C

2

CHM 314

CHM 313

Experimental Chemistry V

C

2

CHM 305

CHM 314

Applied Spectroscopy

C

2

CHM 306

CHM 315

Chemical Thermodynamics

C

2

CHM 303

CHM 316

Methods of Chemical Analysis

C

2

FSC 301

FSC 311

History & Philosophy of Science

C

2

MEG 203

MEG 213

Mechanical measurements & Mechatronics

C

2

 GST 307

GST 307

Entrepreneurship and Corporate Governance

C

2

CHM 309

CHM 317

Atomic Spectroscopy

E

2

CHG 303

CHG 313

Separation I

E

3

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

 

18

 

Other Available Elective Courses

5

 

 

 

2nd Semester

Course Code – Old

Course Code – New

Course Title

Status

Units

 

ICH 321

Basic Nanoscience

C

2

CHM 302

CHM 321

Transition Metal Chemistry

C

2

CHM 304

CHM 322

Organic Reactions

C

3

CHM 308

CHM 324

Electrochemistry

C

2

MEG 204

MEG 224

Mechanical Engineering Laboratory

C

2

CHM 307

CHM 323

Chemical Kinetics

E

2

CHG 303

CHG 324

Separation II

E

3

GLY 309

GLY 324

Geochemistry

E

2

PHS 208

PHS 223

Introduction to Astrophysics

E

2

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

11

 

Other Available Elective Courses

  9

 

LIST OF AVAILABLE COURSES AT 400 LEVEL

 

1st Semester

Course Code-Old

Course Code-New 

Course Title

Status

Units

CHM 410

ICH 411

Industrial Chemistry II

C

2

CHM 420

ICH 412

Brewing Science & Technology

C            

3

CHM 418

ICH 413

Petroleum Refining Processes

C

2

CHM 419

ICH 414

Polymer Chemistry & RubberTechnology

C

3

CHM 408

CHM 416

Analytical Chemistry

C

2

CHG 403

CHG 413

Chemical Reaction Engineering

C

3

CHG 405

CHG 415

Principles of Plant Design I

C            

3

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

18

 

2nd Semester

 

Course Code

Course Title

Status

Units

 

SIW 400

SIWES

C

6

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

6

 

LIST OF AVAILABLE COURSES AT 500 LEVEL

 

1st Semester

Course Code-Old

Course Code-New 

Course Title

Status

Units

CHM 504

ICH  511

Homogeneous Catalysis by Transition Metal Complexes

C

2

CHM 506

ICH  512

Pulp and Paper Technology

C

3

 

ICH 513

Materials & Ceramics Chemistry

C

2

CHG 312

CHG 312

Introduction to Corrosion of materials

C

2

CHM 502

ICH 515

Petrochemical Processes I

C

3

CHM 501

ICH 514

Olefin Chemistry

E

2

CHM 401

CHM 411

Co-ordination Chemistry

E

3

CHM 402

CHM 412

Organic Synthetic Methods

E

3

CHM 403

CHM 413

Organic Reaction Mechanism

E

3

CHM 404

CHM 414

Molecular Spectroscopy

E

3

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

12

 

Other Available Elective Courses 14

 

2nd Semester

Course Code-Old

Course Code-New 

Course Title

Status

Units

CHM 505

ICH 521

Photochemistry and Homogenous Catalysis

C

2

CHM 507

ICH 522

Research Project

C

5

CHM 503

ICH 523

Petrochemical Processes II

C

3

CHG 512

CHG 512

Sugar Technology

E

3

CHM 414

CHM 424

Advanced Kinetics

E

2

CHM 409

CHM 429

Environmental Chemistry

E

2

CHG 503

CHG 523

Process Dynamics and Control

E

3

 

Total Units of Compulsory Courses

10

 

Other Available Elective Courses

10

Summary of Units of Compulsory and Elective Courses

First Semester

Second Semester

Level

Units of Compulsory Courses

Units of Elective Courses

 

Units of Compulsory Courses

 

Units of Elective Courses

 

Total

100

19

 

18

 

 

200

19

 

12

 

 

300

18

 

11

 

 

400

18

 

6

 

 

500

12

 

10

 

 

Grand Total Units Compulsory= 86 + 57 = 143

To graduate, a student must pass a minimum of

i.

160 units for a 5-year degree programme

ii.

128units for a student on direct entry into the 5-year degree programme(

This minimum will include

i.

All University Requirements, GST 102, GST 103, GST 105, GST 201, GST 307 (10 units)

ii.

Faculty Requirements, FSC 111, FSC 112, FSC 113, FSC 114, FSC 115, FSC 311, FRE 135, FRE 146 (21 units)

iii

Departmental Requirement: All compulsory courses CHM121, CHM122, PHS121, PHS123, MAT121, MAT122, CHM221,CHM213, CHM214, MAT217, PHS216, MEG213, CHG211, CHG213, CHM212, CHM223, MAT224, MEG224, CHG224,CHM311, CHM316, CHM314, CHM322, ICH311, CHM312, CHG313, CHM321, CHM322, CHG324, SIW400, CHG413, CHG415 CHM416,I CH411,  CH418, ICHM414, ICH412,ICH511, ICH512, CHG401, CHG512, CHM429, ICH521,CHG504, ICH522, CHG 312.

iv.

Electives: Only from those listed and approved by the department  PHS121, CHM315,CHM317, CHM323, CHM324, CHM411, CHM412, CHM413, CHM414, CHM426, CHM427, CHM429, CHM421, CHM422, CHM428, CHM424, CHM425, ICH514, ICH515, ICH523, CHM422,CHM424, CHG523, CHG507.

SYNOPSES OF COURSES

 

100 LEVEL COURSES

FSC 112     Introductory Chemistry I                                                                         3 units

Measurement and Precision

Hypothesis, theory and laws with appropriate examples.  Nature of matter, the three states of matter, development of atomic structure (cathode tube experiment, Millikan’s oil drop experiment, Mosley atomic number, Rutherford scattering experiments, discovery of neutrons), electronic energy levels and orbitals. Periodic classification of elements and its relationship to their electronic configurations.  Mole concept and calculations based on it, including application to titrimetry and balancing of equations by electron transfer method.  Types of chemical reactions and stoichiometric calculations, different methods of expressing concentrations of solutions.  Chemical kinetics and equilibria, and simple calculations involving the concepts.  Important applications like pH, solubility product and solubility of ionic solids.  Thermochemistry and simple calculations based on Hess’s Law.  Electrochemistry and the working of various cells, brief treatment of corrosion.

Organic Chemistry:  Chemical bonding, polarity in organic compounds, their isolation, purification and analysis.  Emprirical, molecular and structural formulae, nomenclature and isomerism.

 

CHM 121   Introductory Chemistry II                                                                        3 units

Chemical bonding:  ionic, covalent, coordinate, metallic, hydrogen boding and van der Waals forces.  Bond energy and bond angle. Shapes of simple covalent molecules.  Gaseous state – ideal and non-ideal behaviour.  Solutions – types of solution, solubility and vapour pressure.

Simple treatment of Chemical thermodynamics: Internal energy change ∆U, enthalpy change, ∆H, entropy change, ∆S and free energy change, ∆G and the relationship between them (∆G = ∆H – T∆S) and applications of the equation.

Trends in the physical and chemical properties of elements and their compounds (oxides, hydrides, hydroxides and chlorides) in period 3 and groups 1, 2,4 and 7of the periodic table.  Transition metals – first row only.  Characteristic properties of the elements and their ions. 

Organic Chemistry – Isomerism, Preparation physical and chemical properties, and reactions of aliphatic hydrocarbons – alkanes, alkenes and alkynes. Introduction to benzene, proteins and macromolecules.

 

CHM  122   Experimental Chemistry I                                                                       2 units

Practicals in inorganic and organic chemistry

  1. Inorganic Practicals: Two main sections: Qualitative and Quantitative

            (i)   Qualitative inorganic practicals consist of identification of ions (anions and cations) in

solution.

  • Quantitative inorganic practicals are only by volumetric analysis. Practice in volumetric analysis includes acid-base, redox and precipitation titrations.
  1. Organic practicals involve reactions of simple functional groups, simple preparations, recrystallization and determination of m.pt of organic compounds.

 

 

 

 

 200 LEVEL COURSES

 

CHM 211    Basic Inorganic Chemistry I                                                        2 units 

 

This course is a simple, but fairly detailed treatment of the modern views of atomic structure and the relationship to trends in physiochemical properties of elements. It is also extended to a qualitative treatment of bonding and stereochemistry of simple inorganic molecules and ions. The subject matter is covered under such headings as: pre Daltonian and the Daltonian theories of the structure of matter; radioactivity; Bohr’s theory. Wave mechanical treatment of atomic structure. Orbitals; penetration of orbitals, and its consequences’. The Periodic Table and periodicity of physiochemical properties of elements; bonding in molecules; a qualitative treatment of the molecular orbital theory; the valence electron pair theory and the stereochemistry of simple molecules or ions. Intermolecular forces and metallic bonding.

Prerequisite FSC 112

CHM 212   Basic Physical Chemistry I                                                           2 units 

The kinetic theory of gases.  Molecular velocities and their distribution.  Heat capacity of gases and the equipartition of energy.  First law of thermodynamics and its applications.  Formulation of rate equations for simple systems.

Prerequisite FSC 112

CHM 213    Basic Organic Chemistry                                                               3 units

 

Factors that influence reaction mechanisms, effects of structure on acidity and basity of organic compounds. Aromaticity and the chemistry of benzene and alkyl benzene, including electrophilic aromatic substitution.  The chemistry of monofunctional aliphatic and aromatic compounds including halogeno-compounds, alcohols and phenols, ethers, aldehydes and ketones, carboxyclic acids and derivatives, nitrogen compounds (amines, nitriles and nitrohydrocarbons).  Emphasis should be laid onmechanistic interpretation of the reactions of the organic compounds. 

 

Prerequisite  FSC 112

 

CHM 214     Experimental Chemistry II                                                         2 units

Physical and Inorganic Practicals

Experiments in these courses are designed to demonstrate the practical details of the course. Such experiments will involve the determination of critical solution temperature of binary systems, demonstration of partition coefficient in two immiscible solvents, determination of relative molar mass from colligative properties, determination of solubility of sparingly soluble salts from conductance measurements, conductometric titration, pH measurements.  Other areas to be covered include gravimetric analysis and determination of hardness of water by complexometric titration.  Systematic analysis of cations and anions will also be carried out.  Demonstration experiments should be carried out in column chromatography and ion-exchange chromatography.

 

CHM 221    Basic Inorganic Chemistry II                                                       2 units

 

This is primarily a course on inorganic energetics. The main headings treated in this section are: ionic crystals; calculation of Lattice Energy; Lattice Energy and bond type; applications of thermodynamics to interpretative inorganic chemistry; the Born-Haber cycle; stability in chemical system; kinetic and thermodynamic stability; applications of electrode potentials; oxidation state diagrams; factors affecting the electrode potentials of elements; stability of oxidation states; stability of solvents; non- aqueous solvents; co-ordination compounds; stability and stereochemistry of co-ordination compounds; bonding theories (a brief description of valance bond and crystal field theories)  and physiochemical properties of metal complexes.

 

Prerequisite CHM 121

 

CHM 222   Basic Physical Chemistry II                                                          2 units 

Applications of physical properties to chemical constitution: refraction, magnetic rotation, dipole moments, etc. Electrochemistry of solutions, concentration terms, molarity, etc.  Fractional and steam distillations.  Colligative properties. 

Prerequisite FSC 112

 

CHM 223     Experimental Chemistry III                                                       2 units

Determination of physical constants, preparation of esters, aldehydes and ketones, methods of recrystallisation, qualitative analysis and preparation of crystalline derivatives.

 

300 LEVEL COURSES

 

CHM  311     Chemistry of Main Group Elements                                            2 units

Review of physicochemical principles that govern reactivity of main group elements with emphasis on the noble gases, Hydrogen, etc.  Electronic structure and general properties and comparative study of Group IA and group IIA elements. Chemistry of boron, carbon and silicon; nitrogen and phosphorus; oxygen and sulphur,  the halogens.  Separation of metals.  Introduction to radiochemistry.

Prerequisite CHM 211

CHM  312     Experimental Chemistry IV                                                         2 units

In this course, students are exposed to physico-chemical techniques in analytical chemistry.  Emphasis is on individual operation of common laboratory instruments for analysis.  Experiments are also included to illustrate the empirical laws in physical chemistry.

Prerequisite CHM 214

CHM 313    Experimental Chemistry V                                                          2 units

Synthesis of polyfunctional organic compounds designed to teach techniques such as crystallization, steam distillation, distillation at reduced pressure, chromatography, etc. Interpretation of spectral data of compounds synthesized.  Test of theory of synthesis or reactions of compounds synthesized, separation of mixtures, identification of compounds via derivation.

Prerequisite CHM 213

 

CHM 314    Applied Spectroscopy                                                                              2 units

The course is weighted heavily on application of various spectroscopic techniques to assigning structures to complex molecules mainly of organic nature.  The elementary theory surrounding the various types of spectroscopy.  The course will lay emphasis on U.V., 1.R., 1H-N.M.R. and Mass Spectroscopy and a brief mention of 13C-N.M.R.

CHM  315   Chemical Thermodynamics                                                                     2 units

Concept of entropy, second law of thermodynamics, molecular interpretation of entropy.  Maximum Work Function (A) and Gibb’s Free Energy, (G) Spontaneity of reactions, Conditions for equilibrium. Chemical potential.

Van’t Holf Isotherm.  Variation of equilibrium constant and free energy with temperature, Gibbs-Helmholtz equation.  Clausius-Clapeyron equation and applications. The third law of thermodynamics.  Thermodynamics of solutions: ideal and non ideal solutions, deviation from ideal behaviour, Raoult’s Law and applications.  Determination of molecular mass from molal elevation constant, and molal depression constant and from approach based on equilibrium constant considerations.  Thermodynamic treatment of solubility of solids with temperature as well as osmotic pressue.  Abnormal molecular masses in solution, calculation of degree of dissociation from abnormal molar mass.

Pre-requisite:   CHM 212

CHM  316    Methods of Chemical Analysis                                                                3 units

Theory of errors, statistical treatment of data, theory of sampling.  Chemical methods of analysis including volumetric, gravimetric and physicochemical methods (conductometry, potentiometry, coulometry).  Complexometric titration.  Optical methods of analysis including colorimetric and spectroscopic determination.

CHM  317   Atomic Spectroscopy                                                                               2 unit

Origin of emission line spectra of the elements.  Spectral series and the Grotrain diagram.  The Rydberg equation and the Rydberg constant.  Practical applications of line emission spectra.  The spin-orbit interaction; Clebsch-Gordan series and the Russel – Saunders spin coupling schemes.  Term symbols and the selection rules for complex atomic spectra.  Zeeman effects.

Symmetry, group theory and applications – Symmetry elements and symmetry operations; symmetry point groups; applications of point group symmetry

CHM  318    Heterocyclic Chemistry                                                                             2 units

The course is designed to illustrate the utility of the basic knowledge of the heterocycles in everyday life.  It will cover non-aromatic heterocycles: oxazin, oxiran, thiooxiran.  Reactivity in heterocyclic compound with one heteroactom in two or more fused rings, quinolines, isoquinolines, benzofuran, benzothiophenes, indoles, benzimidazole.  Compounds with two or more heteroatoms in the ring system.

Prerequisite CHM 213

 

CHM  319    Alicyclic Chemistry and Stereochemistry           2 units                         

Stereochemistry: Optical isomerism, conventions used in stereochemistry.  Specificaiton of asymmetric configuration R & S.  Optically active compounds such as biphenyls. Elements of symmetry.  Racemic modification and resolution.  Asymmetric synthesis.  Geometric isomerism. Determination of configuration of geometrical isomers E & Z.  Stereochemistry of cyclic compounds, addition reactions.

Alicyclic compounds.  Nomenclature: Baeyers Stran Theory.  Conformation of small ring compounds.  Chemistry of 3-6 membered rings.  Medium and large size rings – preparation and uses: bicyclic rings and spiro compounds.

CHM  321     Transition Metal Chemistry      2 units                                                 

  • Detailed treatment of the electronic structure of the transition metals (d-block) and the relationship to their physicochemical properties, Chemistry of the elements. The electronic configuration and their consequences on oxidation state, magnetic properties and structure of the elements and their compounds. Recovery and separation of the elements.  Uses of the elements.
  • Lanthanides and Actinides: The elements and the position of the two series in the periodic table.  Comparison of the two series. 

CHM  322    Organic Reactions          3 units                                                             

Theoretical Principle:  The breaking and forming of bonds.  Factors influencing electron availability – inductive, mesomeric and inductomeric and electromeric effects, hyperconjugation, steric and stereo effect.

A systematic treatment of polyfunctional organic compounds including treatment of their important reactions.  It covers non-aromatic hydrocarbon containing two or more multiple bonds (including Diels Alder reactions) alkenes and alkynes, alcohols, halides and ethers, unsaturated aldehydes, ketones, monocarboxylic acids, polyhydric alcohols, polycarbonyl compounds including ethyl acetoacetate, diethyl malonate, ketoaldehydes, and dicarboxylic acids.  Condensed and isolated hydrocarbons including naphthalene, anthracenes, phenanthrenes and biphenyl.

Heterocyclic compounds with ring system containing one heteroatom in one ring, for example, furan, pyrole thiophene and pyridine.

 

Prerequisite:  CHM 213

CHM  323   Chemical Kinetics                                                                                     2 units

Experimental methods for the determination of rates of reactions.  Formation of rate equations for simple first, second and third order of reaction.  Experimental determination of order and rates of reaction e.g., spectrophotometric and dilatometric methods.  Pseudo unimolecular reactions and catalysed reactions.  Complex reactions; reversible and opposing reactions, consecutive and parallel reactions.  Effects of temperature on reaction rate (Arrhenius equation and determination of Activation Energy).  Theories of reaction rates: Collision and Transition state theories and their simple application to reactions in solution.

Pre-requisite:  CHM 222

 

CHM 324    Electrochemistry                                                                                     2 units

Activity and activity coefficients, mean ionic activity coefficients and standard states.  Fugacity and ionic strength.  Quantitative treatment of modern theory of electrolytes.  Debye-Huckel theory (quantitative treatment only).  Debye-Huckel limiting law and modification to take care of concentrated solutions.  E.M.F. of cells and electrode potential.  Reversible and irreversible cells.  Standard cells.  Cell reactions and e.m.f.

Standard electrode potentials and their applications.  Calculation of single electrode potential.  Thermodynamics and e.m.f. ∆H and ∆S from e.m.f. data.  Standard potentials and equilibrium constant.  Classification of electrodes.  Chemical and concentration cells with and without transference.  The liquid junction potential.  Electrolysis and polarization – decomposition potential.  Over voltage.  Commercial cells.

ICH 311     Industrial Chemistry I                                                                                       2 units

Brief historical survey of industrial Chemistry.Industrial Economics.Survey of Nigeria’s industries and their raw material requirements.  Manufacturing processes of various chemicals from agricultural and fossil materials. Potentials and applications of locally available raw materials as industrial raw materials.

ICH 321   Basic Nanoscience                                                                                                 2units

Dimensions at the nanoscale ; Moore’s Law; Classical versus quantum mechanics of matter; Electronic states; Quantisation of energy; Natural and engineered nanostructures (brief mention of CNT, buckyballs, nanowires,nanorodsetc); Solid state materials ( conductors, semi-conductors,insulators); Synthesis of nanostructures(self-assembly,photolithography,ball milling etc); properties at the nanoscale(optical, conductivity,catalysis,mechanicaletc); Wave-particle duality concept in imagery(Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, SEM, electron microscopy, AFM); Brief mention only of nano devices and applications of nanomaterials, Miller indices and diffraction techniques.

 

400 LEVEL COURSES

 

CHM 411   Coordination Chemistry                                                                             3 units

The coordinate bond. Nomenclature and stereochemistry of Werner type transition metal complexes.  Coordination numbers, compounds of co-ordination numbers 1-8 including their stereochemistry and properties.  Isomerism in co-ordination compounds.  Bonding theories in co-ordination compounds: Valence bond theory (hybridization of orbitals giving sp3, d2sp2, dsp3, d2sp3, d2sp2) hybridized structure.  Crystal Field splitting.  Crystal Field stabilization energies (CFSE) and their calculations for coordination complexes and molecular orbital theories. Evidences for covalent bonding in complexes. Molecular orbital theory (sigma and pi-systems)  including valence bond, Crystal Field,

Formation of different molecular geometries.  Spectroscopic Term symbols and their calculations for coordination complexes.  Distortion in octahedral complexes due to Jahn Teller Effect.  Thermodynamic, kinetic and magnetic properties of coordination compounds.  Stability of coordination complexes – thermodynamic and kinetic stability. 

Bioinorganic complexes.  Synthesis, substitution and redox reactions of metal complexes.

 

CHM 412    Organic Synthetic Methods3 units                                                                      

The course is designed to show basic principles of organic synthesis.  Interconversion of functional groups in complex synthetic schemes.  It covers methods of formation of C-C bonds, C-N bonds, oxidation, reduction and organometallic compounds in synthetic chemistry.  Synthetic uses of organo-phosphorus, silicon and boron reagents.  Applications of synthetic methods, synthetic micromolecules.  Treatment includes a number of examples drawn from current literature.

CHM 413    Organic Reaction Mechanism      3 units                                                 

Structure of benzene and theory of aromaticity, aromatic electrophilic and nucleophilic substitution mechanisms, subsistuent effects, partial rate factors.  Esterification and hydrolysis mechanisms.  Elimination reactions; stereospecificity and orientation in E2 elimination and cis-elimination.

CHM  414    Molecular Spectroscopy                                                                          3 units

Quantum theory of rotation and vibration.  Theory of microwave, infra-red, ultra violet – visible and Raman spectroscopy.  General introduction to electron spin and magnetic resonance spectroscopy.  Mossbauer effect, nuclear quadrupole resonance and flame spectroscopy.

Pre-requisite CHM 314 and CHM 317

CHM 415    Natural Products Chemistry        2 units                                                 

Detailed chemistry of terpenoids, steroids and alkaloids, flavonoids, prostagladins and chlorophylls.  Other natural products of pharmaceutical importance.  General methods of isolation, separation, purification and structural determination of the natural products.  Discussion of chemistry of important members.  Biogenesis.

Pre-requisiteCHM 318                                    

CHM 416    Analytical Chemistry                                                                                           2 units

Statistical treatment of data, sampling techniques, evaluation of experimental errors, separation of techniques including ion exchange, zone refining, liquid-liquid extraction, thin layer chromatography and gas liquid chromatography.  Electroanalytical methods coulometric methods of analysis, polarography, amperometry, potentiometry, conductometry and refractometry.  Quantitative application of UV measurements.  Atomic absorption spectroscopy.  Principles of thermometric titrimetry.

Pre-requisiteCHM 316

CHM 417    Special Practical Chemistry for Final Year         2 units  Non-Chemistry Students

CHM  421    Research Projects                                                                                              5units            A set of advanced practicals with emphasis on individual student’s use of instruments, and exposure to physicochemical techniques available in the department.  Term papers and seminars on topics given to individual students.

CHM 422    Bioactive Organic Compounds                                                                            2 units

A study of organic compounds (natural and synthetic) used for the cure, mitigation or prevention of diseases.  Treatment of drug includes structure – activity relationships, metabolism of drugs, isosterism and drug discovery.  It also includes drugs such as anti-malarials, anti-diuretic and directive agents.  It covers persistent and non-persistent insecticides, naturally occurring insecticidal agents including pheromone.

CHM 423   Protein and Carbohydrate Chemistry                                                                  2 units

Broad introduction of proteins and their roles in everyday life.

Synthesis and reactions of amino acids and peptides.  Structural organization of proteins – primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures.

Methods for isolation of proteins, peptides and their uses.  Enzymes as biological catalysts.  Factors that affect enzyme reactions.  Simple treatment of the Michael Menten equation.  Classification, structures and nomenclature of carbohydrate.  Sugars:  general reactions, configuration, epimerization, disaccharides, structural determination.

CHM 424    Advanced Chemical Kinetics                                                             2units
Theories of unimolecular and bimolecular reactions.  Chain and photochemical reactions. Reactions in solution.  Linear Free Energy relationships, acid-base catalysis, Bronsted catalytic law, primary and secondary mimetic isotope effects.  Methods of determining reaction mechanism.  Techniques of fast reactions, the relaxation time.

CHM 425  Quantum Mechanics                                                                             2units   
The postulates of quantum theory.  Normalization of wave functions.  The wave function and wave equation (Schrodiinger).  Applications of wave equation.   Molecular and valence bond theories with reference to hydrogen molecule ion (H*) and hydrogen molecule.  Huckel theory and system conjugations.

CHM 426    Radiochemistry Diffraction Methods                                                2 units

Natural radioactivity, fusion, fission, decay processes, nature of radiation.  Nuclear models, energetics of nuclear reaction.   Principles and measurement of radioactivity.  Applications of radioactivity.  Radiation hazards.  Discussion of X-ray, neutron and electron diffraction methods in the determination of crystal structure.

 

CHM 427    Organometallic Chemistry                                                                                  2 units

Treatment of the theoretical basis of the 18-electron rule.  Simple metal carbonyls, metal alkyl, alkene, alkyne and alkylidene complexes. The chemistry of metallocene.  Role of organometallic compounds in some catalytic reactions.

CHM 428    Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry                                                                         2 units

Some general principles relating to surfaces.  Electrical potentials.  Attractive forces.  Solid gas interface and solid liquid interface.  Zeta potential, electroosmosis, electrophoresis and catalysis.  Gibb’s equation, absorption of gases on solids, chemisorption.  Definition of colloid and history of colloid development.  Types of colloids.  Polymers, proteins, Gels, Association colloids.  Detergency.

 

 

CHM 429    Environmental Chemistry                                                              3 units

The environment and society.  Concepts of elementary cycles.  Air:  composition and chemistry of the atmosphere.  Air pollution:  sources, types, properties, measurement and health hazards.  Water: sources, types and uses of water.  Water chemistry and analysis.  Waste water treatment.  Composition of domestic wastes.  Chemical and physical instrumentation in environmental science.  Soil chemistry.

 

SIW 400    Industrial Training                                                                     6 units

ICH 411 Industrial Chemistry II                                                    2units

Development of industrial chemical processes; differences between laboratory scale and industrial scale chemistry.Conversion, efficiency and yield. Evaluation of reactions: economic and technical considerations.Material accounting in chemical processes: mass and energy balance.Batch and continuous processes, Representation of material flow in chemical processes.

ICH 412 Brewing Science and Technology                                                                     3 units

History of brewing, Fermentation,Alcohol Politics ( social effects and legal aspects),Brewing of beer, wine, hot alcoholic beverages. Quality control in brewing.Wine types, wine making, wine analysis and wine instability.

ICH 413 Petroluem Refining processes                                             2 units

Catalytic alkylation, catalytic isomerisation, catalytic reforming, catalytic cracking and hydrocracking.Lubricating oil production. Preliminary assaying of petroleum: specific gravity, distillation, viscosity, sulphur content, water content, sediment content, pour point and carbon residue.

ICH 414 Polymer Chemistry and Rubber Technology                                          3 units

The nature of polymer basic concept. Outline sources of raw materials for polymers. Fibre forming polymers.The science of macromolecules. Polymer solutions: criteria for solubility conformations and thermodynamics of molecules in solution fractionation of polymers. Measurement of molecular weight and size- end group analysis, colligative property. Light scattering, ultracentrifigation.  Polymerization processes – step wise polymerization, radical chain polymerization, ionic and coordination polymerization,copolymerization. Properties of commercial polymers.- hydrocarbon plastic and elastomers. Heavy and light duty technology

 

 

500 LEVEL COURSES

 

ICH 511    Homogenous Catalysis by Transition Metal-complexes               2 units

General principles of homogenous catalysis, Introduction to the 16 and 18 electron rules, types of organometallic reactions oxidative-addition and elimination reactions;  oxidative coupling and reductive-decoulping; insertion and de-insertion reactions.

Homogenous hydrogenation, (Illustration of principles (Ph3P) 3RhCIL (PPh3)3 and Co (CN)53- as typical examples of catalysts with d3, d6 and d7 systems).  Oligomerisation and dimerisation, Carbonylation,  Industrial importance of the oxo process and the mechanistic aspects of these reactions.  Related hydrocarbonylation reactions.

 

ICH 512   Pulp and Paper Technology                                3 units 

Principle of wood chip delignification.  Properties of wood chips, structure of wood, chemical composition of wood chemical pulping methods, process variables: alkaline processes, acid processes and process variable in sulphite cooking.  Semi chemical and chemo mechanical pulping process.  Pulping washing.  Screening and cleaning of pulp.  Oxygen delignification.  Bleaching of pulp.  Drying of pulp.

 

ICH 513    Materials and Ceramic Chemistry                                               2 units

Introduction to materials Chemistry; Synthesis and application of new advanced materials: carbon nanotube; graphene; metal organic framework; single magnetic molecules; liquid crystals; ionic liquid; semiconductors, superconductors; sonsors; boron doped diamond; dendrimer; mesoporous materials; zeolite; nanofiltration membranes; shape memory alloys; light-emitting materials; other magnetic materials, thin films and colloids; characterization techniques of these advanced materials: SEM; TEM; XRD etc. Survey of recent research

 

ICH 514   Olefin Chemistry                                                  2 units             

Concerted Reactions:  Frontier orbital treatment of pericyclic reactions.  Aromatic transition state treatment:  Huckel/Mobius transition states.  Electrocyclic rearrangements and cycloadditions.  Introduction to sigmatropic shifts.  Olefin synthesis and conversions:  Industrial sources and laboratory syntheses of olefins and dienes.  Ionic dimerisation and polymerization.  Addition to Olefins:  General principles, types of addition reactions, factors affecting direction, rate and stereochemistry of addition.

 

ICH 515    Petrochemical Processes I                      3 units 

Chemical technology:  Batch and continuous processes, advantages and disadvantages.  Production of primary intermediates (e.g. synthesis gas, ethylene and propylene) and synthesis of industrial organic chemicals (e.g. derivatives of methane, ethylene and propylene).

 

ICH 521     Photochemistry and Heterogenous s Catalysis                              2 units

    1. Primary and secondary processes. Laws of photochemistry.  Consequences of light absorption by molecules.  Fluorescence, phosphorescence, photosensitization and photochemical reactions.  Photochemical kinetics, decomposition, dimerisation and photochemica
    2. l equilibria.  Factors influencing photochemical equilibria.  Experimental studies of photochemical reactions.  Photochemical reactions in the gas liquid phases.  Photochemical effects in the solids.
    3. Adsorption and absorption. Adsorption isotherms.  Catalysis of gaseous reactions by solid surfaces.  The order of heterogeneous reactions.  Catalytic poisons.

 

ICH 522    Research Project    5